West Bengal
Checklist of Birds

~ presented by Birds of India

Compiled by Sumit K Sen

BIRDS of West Bengal (861 species)

Preface: West Bengal in the eastern part of India has unique geography. This state stretches from the great height of the Himalayas in the north to the largest mangrove forest in the south where the Sunderbans meets the Bay of Bengal. This riverine part of the country presents diverse habitats suitable for a vast multitude of avian residents. As you travel across West Bengal you can meet some of the most sought after birds in the world, be it a Brown-Winged Kingfisher or a Rusty-Bellied Shortwing. And West Bengal has diversity with around 70% of India's birds to be found here, and some only here.

This list is bound to be incomplete and may contain a few errors. It is my hope that this start point will inspire others to opine and contribute, thereby making the list the last word on West Bengal birds at a later date ~ Sumit K. Sen, Februray 2014

Systematic Index of Families and Species

R widespread resident

r very local resident

W widespread winter visitor

w sparse winter visitor

P widespread passage migrant

p sparse passage migrant

v vagrant or irregular visitor

T threatened

?  questionable record

u status unknown



Family: Phasianidae

Black Francolin R Francolinus francolinus

Grey Francolin R Francolinus pondicerianus

Swamp Francolin Tu Francolinus gularis

Common Quail W Coturnix coturnix

Rain Quail r Coturnix coromandelica

Blue-breasted Quail r Coturnix chinensis

Manipur Bush-Quail Tr Perdicula manipurensis

Jungle Bush Quail r Perdicula asiatica

Hill Partridge r Arborophila torqueola

Rufous-throated Partridge r Arborophila rufogularis

Chestnut-breasted Partridge Tr Arborophila mandellii

Painted Spurfowl r Galloperdix lunulata 

Blood Pheasant r Ithaginis cruentus

Himalayan Monal u Lophophorus impejanus?

Satyr Tragopan Tr Tragopan satyra

Red Junglefowl R Gallus gallus

Kalij Pheasant R Lophura leucomelanos

Grey Peacock Pheasant r Polyplectron bicalcaratum

Indian Peafowl R Pavo cristatus

Green Peafowl Tu Pavo muticus


Family: Dendrocygndiae

Fulvous Whistling-duck r Dendrocygna bicolor

Lesser Whistling-duck R Dendrocygna javanica

Family: Anatidae


White-headed Duck Tw Oxyura leucocephala


Greater White-fronted Goose v Anser albifrons

Lesser White-fronted Goose Tv Anser erythropus

Greylag Goose W Anser anser

Bar-headed Goose W Anser indicus

Ruddy Shelduck W Tadorna ferruginea

Common Shelduck W Tadorna tadorna

Comb Duck w Sarkidiornis melanotos

Cotton Pygmy-goose R Nettapus coromandelianus

Marbled Duck Tv Marmaronetta angustirostris


Gadwall W Anas strepera

Falcated Duck Tw Anas falcata

Eurasian Wigeon W Anas penelope

Mallard w Anas platyrhynchos

Spot-billed Duck r Anas poecilorhyncha

Baikal Teal Tv Anas formosa

Common Teal W Anas crecca

Pink-headed Duck Tu Rhodonessa caryophyllacea (extirpated)

Garganey W Anas querquedula

Northern Shoveler W Anas clypeata

Northern Pintail W Anas acuta

Red-crested Pochard W Rhodonessa rufina

Common Pochard W Aythya ferina

Ferruginous Pochard TW Aythya nyroca

Baer’s Pochard Tw Aythya baeri

Tufted Duck W Aythya fuligula

Greater Scaup v Aythya marila

Long-tailed Duck v Clangula hyemalis

Common Goldeneye w Bucephala clangula

Smew v Mergellus albellus

Common Merganser W Mergus merganser

Red-breasted Merganser u Mergus serrator 


Family: Turnicidae

Small Buttonquail r Turnix sylvatica

Yellow-legged Buttonquail R Turnix tanki

Barred Buttonquail R Turnix suscitator


Family: Indicatoridae

Yellow-rumped Honeyguide Tr Indicator xanthonotus

Eurasian Wryneck W Jynx torquilla

Speckled Piculet r Picumnus innominatus

White-browed Piculet r Sasia ochracea

Rufous Woodpecker R Celeus brachyurus

Pale-headed Woodpecker r Gecinulus grantia

Bay Woodpecker r Blythipicus pyrrhotis

Heart-spotted Woodpecker r Hemicircus canente

Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker r Dendrocopos nanus

Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker R Dendrocopos canicapillus

Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker R Dendrocopos macei

Stripe-breasted Woodpecker r Dendrocopos atratus

Yellow-crowned Woodpecker r Dendrocopos mahrattensis

Rufous-bellied Woodpecker r Dendrocopos hyperythrus

Crimson-breasted Woodpecker r Dendrocopos cathpharius

Darjeeling Woodpecker R Dendrocopos darjellensis

Great Spotted Woodpecker u Dendrocopos major

Himalayan Woodpecker u Dendrocopos himalayensis

Lesser Yellownape R Picus chlorolophus

Greater Yellownape R Picus flavinucha

Streak-throated Woodpecker R Picus xanthopygaeus

Scaly-bellied Woodpecker r Picus squamatus

Grey-headed Woodpecker r Picus canus

Himalayan Flameback r Dinopium shorii

Common Flameback r Dinopium javanense

Black-rumped Flameback R Dinopium benghalense

Greater Flameback R Chrysocolaptes lucidus

White-naped Woodpecker r Chrysocolaptes festivus

Family: Megalaimidae

Great Barbet R Megalaima virens

Brown-headed Barbet r Megalaima zeylanica

Lineated Barbet R Megalaima lineata

Golden-throated Barbet R Megalaima franklinii

Blue-throated Barbet R Megalaima asiatica

Blue-eared Barbet R Megalaima australis

Coppersmith Barbet R Megalaima haemacephala


Family: Bucerotidae

Indian Grey Hornbill R Ocyceros birostris

Oriental Pied Hornbill R Anthracoceros albirostris

Great Hornbill TR Buceros bicornis

Rufous-necked Hornbill Tr Aceros nipalensis

Wreathed Hornbill r Aceros undulatus


Family: Upupidae

Common Hoopoe W Upupa epops


Family: Trogonidae

Malabar Trogon r Harpactes fasciatus

Red-headed Trogon r Harpactes erythrocephalus

Ward's Trogon Tu Harpactes wardi 


Family: Coraciidae

Indian Roller R Coracias benghalensis

Dollarbird r Eurystomus orientalis

Family: Alcedinidae

Blyth’s Kingfisher Tr Alcedo hercules

Common Kingfisher R Alcedo atthis

Blue-eared Kingfisher r Alcedo meninting

Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher r Ceyx erithacus

Family: Halcyonidae

Brown-winged Kingfisher TR Halcyon amauroptera

Stork-billed Kingfisher R Halcyon capensis

Ruddy Kingfisher r Halcyon coromanda

White-throated Kingfisher R Halcyon smyrnensis

Black-capped Kingfisher W Halcyon pileata

Collared Kingfisher R Todiramphus chloris

Family: Cerylidae

Crested Kingfisher R Megaceryle lugubris

Pied Kingfisher R Ceryle rudis

Family: Meropidae

Blue-bearded Bee-eater r Nyctyornis athertoni

Green Bee-eater R Merops orientalis

Blue-tailed Bee-eater R Merops philippinus

Chestnut-headed Bee-eater R Merops leschenaulti


Family: Cuculidae

Pied Cuckoo P Clamator jacobinus

Chestnut-winged Cuckoo P Clamator coromandus

Large Hawk Cuckoo R Hierococcyx sparverioides

Common Hawk Cuckoo R Hierococcyx varius

Hodgson’s Hawk Cuckoo p Hierococcyx fugax

Indian Cuckoo R Cuculus micropterus

Eurasian Cuckoo R Cuculus canorus

Oriental Cuckoo r Cuculus saturatus

Lesser Cuckoo r Cuculus poliocephalus

Banded Bay Cuckoo r Cacomantis sonneratii

Grey-bellied Cuckoo r Cacomantis passerinus

Plaintive Cuckoo R Cacomantis merulinus

Asian Emerald Cuckoo r Chrysococcyx maculatus

Violet Cuckoo r Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus

Drongo Cuckoo r Surniculus lugubris

Asian Koel R Eudynamys scolopacea

Green-billed Malkoha R Phaenicophaeus tristis

Sirkeer Malkoha r Phaenicophaeus leschenaultii

Family: Centropodidae

Greater Coucal R Centropus sinensis

Lesser Coucal R Centropus bengalensis


Family: Psittacidae

Vernal Hanging Parrot R Loriculus vernalis

Alexandrine Parakeet R Psittacula eupatria

Rose-ringed Parakeet R Psittacula krameri

Slaty-headed Parakeet R Psittacula himalayana

Plum-headed Parakeet R Psittacula cyanocephala

Blossom-headed Parakeet r Psittacula roseata

Red-breasted Parakeet R Psittacula alexandri


Family: Apodidae

Himalayan Swiftlet R Collocalia brevirostris

White-rumped Needletail r Zoonavena sylvatica

White-throated Needletail r Hirundapus caudacutus

Asian Palm Swift R Cypsiurus balasiensis

Fork-tailed Swift r Apus pacificus

Alpine Swift r Tachymarptis melba 

House Swift R Apus affinis

Family: Hemiprocnidae

Crested Treeswift r Hemiprocne coronata


Family: Tytonidae

Barn Owl R Tyto alba

Grass Owl r Tyto capensis

Oriental Bay Owl r Phodilus badius

Family: Strigidae

Mountain Scops Owl R Otus spilocephalus

Eurasian Scops Owl wu Otus scops

Oriental Scops Owl R Otus sunia

Collared Scops Owl R Otus bakkamoena

Eurasian Eagle Owl R Bubo bubo

Rock Eagle Owl R Bubo bengalensis

Spot-bellied Eagle Owl r Bubo nipalensis

Dusky Eagle-owl r Bubo coromandus 

Brown Fish Owl R Ketupa zeylonensis

Tawny Fish Owl r Ketupa flavipes

Buffy Fish Owl r Ketupa ketupu

Mottled Wood Owl r Strix ocellata

Brown Wood Owl r Strix leptogrammica

Tawny Owl r Strix aluco

Collared Owlet R Glaucidium brodiei

Asian Barred Owlet R Glaucidium cuculoides

Jungle Owlet R Glaucidium radiatum

Spotted Owlet R Athene brama

Brown Hawk Owl R Ninox scutulata

Short-eared Owl w Asio flammeus

Family: Batrachostomidae

Family: Eurostopodidae

Family: Caprimulgidae

Grey Nightjar R Caprimulgus indicus

Large-tailed Nightjar R Caprimulgus macrurus

Jerdon's Nightjar R Caprimulgus atripennis?

Indian Nightjar R Caprimulgus asiaticus

Savanna Nightjar r Caprimulgus affinis


Family: Columbidae

Rock Pigeon R Columba livia

Common Wood Pigeon r Columba palumbus

Speckled Wood Pigeon r Columba hodgsonii

Ashy Wood Pigeon r Columba pulchricollis

Pale-capped Pigeon Tu Columba punicea

Green Imperial Pigeon R Ducula aenea

Mountain Imperial Pigeon r Ducula badia

Oriental Turtle Dove R Streptopelia orientalis

Laughing Dove R Streptopelia senegalensis

Spotted Dove R Streptopelia chinensis

Red Collared Dove R Streptopelia tranquebarica

Eurasian Collared Dove R Streptopelia decaocto

Barred Cuckoo Dove R Macropygia unchall

Emerald Dove R Chalcophaps indica

Orange-breasted Green Pigeon R Treron bicincta

Pompadour Green Pigeon r Treron pompadora

Thick-billed Green Pigeon R Treron curvirostra

Yellow-footed Green Pigeon R Treron phoenicoptera

Pin-tailed Green Pigeon r Treron apicauda

Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon R Treron sphenura


Family: Otididae

Bengal Florican Tr Houbaropsis bengalensis

Lesser Florican Tw Houbaropsis indica

Family: Gruidae

Sarus Crane Tr Grus antigone (extirpated)

Common Crane w Grus grus

Black-necked Crane Tw Grus nigricollis

Family: Heliornithidae

Masked Finfoot Tr Heliopais personata

Family: Rallidae

Slaty-legged Crake Rr Rallina eurizonoides

Slaty-breasted Rail R Gallirallus striatus

Water (Brown-cheeked) Rail rw Rallus aquaticus indicus

Brown Crake r Amaurornis akool

White-breasted Waterhen R Amaurornis phoenicurus

Black-tailed Crake r Porzana bicolor

Baillon’s Crake W Porzana pusilla

Spotted Crake w Porzana porzana

Ruddy-breasted Crake R Porzana fusca

Watercock R Gallicrex cinerea

Purple Swamphen R Porphyrio porphyrio

Common Moorhen R Gallinula chloropus

Common Coot W Fulica atra


Family: Pteroclidae

Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse r Pterocles exustus

Painted Sandgrouse r Pterocles indicus

Family: Scolopacidae


Eurasian Woodcock r Scolopax rusticola

Solitary Snipe r Gallinago solitaria

Wood Snipe Tr Gallinago nemoricola

Pintail Snipe w Gallinago stenura

Swinhoe’s Snipe w Gallinago megala

Great Snipe Tu Gallinago media ?

Common Snipe W Gallinago gallinago

Jack Snipe w Lymnocryptes minimus


Black-tailed Godwit TW Limosa limosa

Bar-tailed Godwit W Limosa lapponica

Whimbrel W Numenius phaeopus

Eurasian Curlew TW Numenius arquata

Spotted Redshank W Tringa erythropus

Common Redshank W Tringa totanus

Marsh Sandpiper W Tringa stagnatilis

Common Greenshank W Tringa nebularia

Green Sandpiper W Tringa ochropus

Wood Sandpiper W Tringa glareola

Terek Sandpiper W Xenus cinereus

Common Sandpiper W Actitis hypoleucos

Ruddy Turnstone W Arenaria interpres

Asian Dowitcher Tw Limnodromus semipalmatus

Great Knot Tw Calidris tenuirostris

Red Knot w Calidris canutus

Sanderling w Calidris alba

Little Stint W Calidris minuta

Red-necked Stint W Calidris ruficollis

Temminck’s Stint W Calidris temminckii

Long-toed Stint w Calidris subminuta

Dunlin w Calidris alpina

Curlew Sandpiper W Calidris ferruginea

Broad-billed Sandpiper w Limicola falcinellus

Spoon-billed Sandpiper Tu Calidris pygmea

Ruff W Philomachus pugnax

Red-necked Phalarope v Phalaropus lobatus

Red Phalarope v Phalaropus fulicaria

Family: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-snipe R Rostratula benghalensis

Family: Jacanidae

Pheasant-tailed Jacana R Hydrophasianus chirurgus

Bronze-winged Jacana R Metopidius indicus

Family: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-knee r Burhinus oedicnemus

Great Thick-knee r Esacus recurvirostris

Family: Charadriidae



Eurasian Oystercatcher w Haematopus ostralegus 


Ibisbill r Ibidorhyncha struthersii

Black-winged Stilt R Himantopus himantopus

Pied Avocet W Recurvirostra avosetta


European Golden Plover v Pluvialis apricaria

Pacific Golden Plover W Pluvialis fulva

Grey Plover W Pluvialis squatarola

Common Ringed Plover w Charadrius hiaticula

Long-billed Plover w Charadrius placidus

Little Ringed Plover R Charadrius dubius

Kentish Plover R Charadrius alexandrinus

Lesser Sand Plover W Charadrius mongolus

Greater Sand Plover w Charadrius leschenaultii

Northern Lapwing w Vanellus vanellus

Yellow-wattled Lapwing R Vanellus malabaricus

River Lapwing TR Vanellus duvaucelii

Grey-headed Lapwing W Vanellus cinereus

Red-wattled Lapwing R Vanellus indicus

Sociable Lapwing Tu Vanellus gregarius (extirpated)?

White-tailed Lapwing w Vanellus leucurus

Family: Glareolidae



Indian Courser r Cursorius coromandelicus

Oriental Pratincole R Glareola maldivarum 

Small Pratincole R Glareola lactea

Family: Laridae




Indian Skimmer Tr Rynchops albicollis


Pallas’s Gull W Larus ichthyaetus

Heuglin's Gull W Larus heuglini

Sooty Gull v Larus hemprichii

Brown-headed Gull W Larus brunnicephalus

Black-headed Gull W Larus ridibundus

Slender-billed Gull w Larus genei


Gull-billed Tern W Gelochelidon nilotica

Caspian Tern w Sterna caspia

River Tern r Sterna aurantia

Lesser Crested Tern r Sterna bengalensis

Great Crested Tern R Sterna bergii

Common Tern W Sterna hirundo

Little Tern r Sterna albifrons

Black-bellied Tern Tr Sterna acuticauda

Sooty Tern v Sterna fuscata

Whiskered Tern R Chlidonias hybridus

White-winged Tern w Chlidonias leucopterus

Black Noddy v Anous minutus

Family: Accipitridae


Osprey W Pandion haliaetus


Jerdon’s Baza r Aviceda jerdoni

Black Baza r Aviceda leuphotes

Oriental Honey-buzzard R Pernis ptilorhyncus

Black-shouldered Kite R Elanus caeruleus

Black Kite R Milvus migrans

Brahminy Kite R Haliastur indus

White-bellied Sea Eagle R Haliaeetus leucogaster

Pallas’s Fish Eagle Tr Haliaeetus leucoryphus

White-tailed Eagle w Haliaeetus albicilla 

Grey-headed Fish Eagle Tr Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus

Lesser Fish Eagle Tr Ichthyophaga humilis

Egyptian Vulture Tr Neophron percnopterus

White-rumped Vulture TR Gyps bengalensis

Slender-billed Vulture Tr Gyps tenuirostris

Himalayan Griffon R Gyps himalayensis

Cinereous Vulture Tw Aegypius monachus

Red-headed Vulture Tr Sarcogyps calvus

Short-toed Snake Eagle R Circaetus gallicus

Crested Serpent Eagle R Spilornis cheela

Eurasian Marsh Harrier W Circus aeruginosus

Hen Harrier w Circus cyaneus

Pallid Harrier Tw Circus macrourus

Pied Harrier W Circus melanoleucos

Montagu’s Harrier w Circus pygargus

Crested Goshawk r Accipiter trivirgatus

Shikra R Accipiter badius

Besra r Accipiter virgatus

Eurasian Sparrowhawk r Accipiter nisus

Northern Goshawk r Accipiter gentilis

White-eyed Buzzard R Butastur teesa

Common Buzzard w Buteo buteo

Long-legged Buzzard W Buteo rufinus

Upland Buzzard w Buteo hemilasius

Black Eagle r Ictinaetus malayensis

Indian Spotted Eagle TR Aquila hastata

Greater Spotted Eagle Tw Aquila clanga

Golden Eagle w Aquila chrysaetos

Tawny Eagle r Aquila rapax

Steppe Eagle W Aquila nipalensis

Imperial Eagle Tw Aquila heliaca

Bonelli’s Eagle r Hieraaetus fasciatus

Booted Eagle W Hieraaetus pennatus

Rufous-bellied Eagle r Hieraaetus kienerii

Changeable Hawk Eagle R Spizaetus cirrhatus

Mountain Hawk Eagle r Spizaetus nipalensis

Family: Falconidae

Collared Falconet r Microhierax caerulescens

Lesser Kestrel Tp Falco naumanni

Common Kestrel W Falco tinnunculus

Red-necked Falcon r Falco chicquera

Amur Falcon p Falco amurensis

Merlin w Falco columbarius

Eurasian Hobby p Falco subbuteo

Oriental Hobby r Falco severus

Laggar Falcon Tr Falco jugger

Peregrine Falcon W Falco peregrinus

Family: Podicipedidae

Little Grebe R Tachybaptus ruficollis

Black-necked Grebe w Tachybaptus nigricollis

Great Crested Grebe W Podiceps cristatus

Family: Phaethontidae

Family: Sulidae

Family: Anhingidae

Darter Tr Anhinga melanogaster

Family: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Cormorant R Phalacrocorax niger

Indian Cormorant R Phalacrocorax fuscicollis

Great Cormorant W Phalacrocorax carbo

Family: Ardeidae

Little Egret R Egretta garzetta

Grey Heron R Ardea cinerea

Goliath Heron w Ardea goliath

White-bellied Heron Tr Ardea insignis

Purple Heron R Ardea purpurea

Western Reef Egret v Egretta gularis

Great Egret R Casmerodius albus

Intermediate Egret R Mesophoyx intermedia

Cattle Egret R Bubulcus ibis

Indian Pond Heron R Ardeola grayii

Little Heron R Butorides striatus

Black-crowned Night Heron R Nycticorax nycticorax

Malayan Night Heron r Gorsachius melanolophus

Yellow Bittern R Ixobrychus sinensis

Chestnut Bittern R Ixobrychus cinnamomeus

Black Bittern R Dupetor flavicollis

Great Bittern w Botaurus stellaris

Family: Phoenicopteridae

Family: Threskiornithidae

Black-headed Ibis TR Threskiornis melanocephalus

Black Ibis R Pseudibis papillosa

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus

Eurasian Spoonbill w Platalea leucorodia

Family: Pelecanidae

Great White Pelican v Pelecanus onocrotalus

Spot-billed Pelican Tr Pelecanus philippensis

Family: Ciconiidae

Painted Stork TMycteria leucocephala

Asian Openbill R Anastomus oscitans

Black Stork w Ciconia nigra

Woolly-necked Stork R Ciconia episcopus

White Stork w Ciconia ciconia 

Black-necked Stork Tw Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus

Lesser Adjutant TR Leptoptilos javanicus

Greater Adjutant Tr Leptoptilos dubius

Family: Fregatidae

Christmas Island Frigatebird Tv Fregata andrewsi

Family: Gaviidae

Family: Procellariidae


Jouanin’s Petrel v Bulweria fallax

Short-tailed Shearwater u Puffinus tenuirostris


Wilson's Storm-petrel u Oceanites oceanicus


Family: Pittidae

Indian Pitta P Pitta brachyura

Hooded Pitta r Pitta sordida

Blue-naped Pitta r Pitta nipalensis

Mangrove Pitta r Pitta megarhyncha

Family: Eurylaimidae

Silver-breasted Broadbill r Serilophus lunatus

Long-tailed Broadbill R Psarisomus dalhousiae

Family: Irenidae

Asian Fairy Bluebird R Irena puella

Blue-winged Leafbird R Chloropsis cochinchinensis

Golden-fronted Leafbird R Chloropsis aurifrons

Orange-bellied Leafbird R Chloropsis hardwickii

Family: Laniidae

Rufous-tailed Shrike w Lanius isabellinus

Brown Shrike W Lanius cristatus

Bay-backed Shrike R Lanius vittatus

Long-tailed Shrike R Lanius schach

Grey-backed Shrike R Lanius tephronotus

Southern Grey Shrike r Lanius meridionalis

Family: Corvidae


Mangrove Whistler r Pachycephala grisola



Yellow-billed Blue Magpie R Urocissa flavirostris

Red-billed Blue Magpie R Urocissa erythrorhyncha

Common Green Magpie r Cissa chinensis

Rufous Treepie R Dendrocitta vagabunda

Grey Treepie R Dendrocitta formosae

Collared Treepie r Dendrocitta frontalis

Spotted Nutcracker r Nucifraga caryocatactes

Red-billed Chough r Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax 

House Crow R Corvus splendens

Large-billed Crow R Corvus macrorhynchos

Common Raven r Corvus corax


Ashy Woodswallow R Artamus fuscus


Eurasian Golden Oriole W Oriolus oriolus

Black-naped Oriole W Oriolus chinensis

Slender-billed Oriole r Oriolus tenuirostris

Black-hooded Oriole R Oriolus xanthornus

Maroon Oriole R Oriolus traillii

Large Cuckooshrike R Coracina macei

Black-winged Cuckooshrike R Coracina melaschistos

Black-headed Cuckooshrike R Coracina melanoptera

Rosy Minivet r Pericrocotus roseus

Small Minivet R Pericrocotus cinnamomeus

White-bellied Minivet r Pericrocotus erythropygius

Grey-chinned Minivet r Pericrocotus solaris

Long-tailed Minivet R Pericrocotus ethologus

Short-billed Minivet R Pericrocotus brevirostris

Scarlet Minivet R Pericrocotus flammeus

Swinhoe's Minivet u Pericrocotus cantonensis

Ashy Minivet w Pericrocotus divaricatus

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike r Hemipus picatus



Yellow-bellied Fantail R Rhipidura hypoxantha

White-throated Fantail R Rhipidura albicollis

White-browed Fantail Flycatcher r Rhipidura aureola


Black Drongo R Dicrurus macrocercus

Ashy Drongo W Dicrurus leucophaeus

White-bellied Drongo r Dicrurus caerulescens

Crow-billed Drongo r Dicrurus annectans

Bronzed Drongo R Dicrurus aeneus

Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo R Dicrurus remifer

Spangled Drongo R Dicrurus hottentottus

Greater Racket-tailed Drongo R Dicrurus paradiseus


Black-naped Monarch R Hypothymis azurea

Asian Paradise-flycatcher R Terpsiphone paradisi


Common Iora R Aegithina tiphia


Large Woodshrike r Tephrodornis gularis

Common Woodshrike R Tephrodornis pondicerianus

Family: Bombycillidae

Family: Cinclidae

Brown Dipper R Cinclus pallasii

Family: Muscicapidae


Blue-capped Rock Thrush R Monticola cinclorhynchus

Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush R Monticola rufiventris

Blue Rock Thrush W Monticola solitarius

Blue Whistling Thrush R Myophonus caeruleus

Pied Thrush p Zoothera wardii

Orange-headed Thrush R Zoothera citrina

Siberian Thrush w Zoothera sibirica

Plain-backed Thrush r Zoothera mollissima

Long-tailed Thrush r Zoothera dixoni

Scaly Thrush R Zoothera dauma

Long-billed Thrush r Zoothera monticola

Dark-sided Thrush r Zoothera marginata

Tickell’s Thrush R Turdus unicolor

Black-breasted Thrush R Turdus dissimilis

White-collared Blackbird r Turdus albocinctus

Grey-winged Blackbird R Turdus boulboul

Eurasian Blackbird r Turdus merula

Chestnut Thrush r Turdus rubrocanus

Eyebrowed Thrush w Turdus obscurus

Dark-throated Thrush W Turdus ruficollis

Dusky Thrush w Turdus naumanni

Fieldfare v Turdus pilaris

Gould’s Shortwing r Brachypteryx stellata

Rusty-bellied Shortwing Tr Brachypteryx hyperythra

Lesser Shortwing r Brachypteryx leucophrys

White-browed Shortwing r Brachypteryx montana



Dark-sided Flycatcher R Muscicapa sibirica

Asian Brown Flycatcher w Muscicapa dauurica

Rusty-tailed Flycatcher p Muscicapa ruficauda

Brown-breasted Flycatcher p Muscicapa muttui

Ferruginous Flycatcher r Muscicapa ferruginea

Slaty-backed Flycatcher R Ficedula hodgsonii

Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher r Ficedula strophiata

Red-breasted Flycatcher w Ficedula parva

Red-throated Flycatcher W Ficedula albicilla

White-gorgeted Flycatcher r Ficedula monileger

Snowy-browed Flycatcher r Ficedula hyperythra

Little Pied Flycatcher R Ficedula westermanni

Ultramarine Flycatcher r Ficedula superciliaris

Slaty-blue Flycatcher r Ficedula tricolor

Sapphire Flycatcher r Ficedula sapphira

Verditer Flycatcher R Eumyias thalassina

Large Niltava r Niltava grandis

Small Niltava r Niltava macgrigoriae

Rufous-bellied Niltava R Niltava sundara

Vivid Niltava r Niltava vivida

Pale-chinned Flycatcher r Cyornis poliogenys

White-bellied Blue Flycatcher r Cyornis pallipes

Pale Blue Flycatcher r Cyornis unicolor

Blue-throated Flycatcher R Cyornis rubeculoides

Hill Blue Flycatcher r Cyornis banyumas 

Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher r Cyornis tickelliae

Pygmy Blue Flycatcher r Muscicapella hodgsoni

Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher R Culicicapa ceylonensis


Siberian Rubythroat W Luscinia calliope

White-tailed Rubythroat w Luscinia pectoralis

Bluethroat W Luscinia svecica

Firethroat Tv Luscinia pectardens

Indian Blue Robin r Luscinia brunnea

Siberian Blue Robin v Luscinia cyane

Orange-flanked Bush Robin r Tarsiger cyanurus

Golden Bush Robin R Tarsiger chrysaeus

White-browed Bush Robin r Tarsiger indicus

Rufous-breasted Bush Robin r Tarsiger hyperythrus

Oriental Magpie Robin R Copsychus saularis

White-rumped Shama R Copsychus malabaricus

Indian Robin R Saxicoloides fulicata

Blue-capped Redstart R Phoenicurus coeruleocephalus

Black Redstart W Phoenicurus ochruros

Hodgson’s Redstart w Phoenicurus hodgsoni

White-throated Redstart r Phoenicurus schisticeps

Daurian Redstart w Phoenicurus auroreus

Blue-fronted Redstart R Phoenicurus frontalis

White-capped Water Redstart R Chaimarrornis leucocephalus

Plumbeous Water Redstart R Rhyacornis fuliginosus

White-bellied Redstart w Hodgsonius phaenicuroides

White-tailed Robin r Myiomela leucura

Blue-fronted Robin r Cinclidium frontale

Little Forktail R Enicurus scouleri

Black-backed Forktail r Enicurus immaculatus

Slaty-backed Forktail R Enicurus schistaceus

White-crowned Forktail r Enicurus leschenaulti

Spotted Forktail r Enicurus maculatus

Purple Cochoa r Cochoa purpurea

Green Cochoa r Cochoa viridis

Hodgson's Bushchat Tw Saxicola insignis

Common Stonechat W Saxicola torquata

White-tailed Stonechat r Saxicola leucura

Pied Bushchat R Saxicola caprata

Jerdon's Bushchat r Saxicola jerdoni

Grey Bushchat R Saxicola ferrea

Desert Wheatear v Oenanthe deserti

Family: Sturnidae

Spot-winged Starling p Saroglossa spiloptera

Chestnut-tailed Starling R Sturnus malabaricus

Brahminy Starling R Sturnus pagodarum

Rosy Starling p Sturnus roseus

Common Starling p Sturnus vulgaris

Asian Pied Starling R Sturnus contra

Common Myna R Acridotheres tristis

Bank Myna R Acridotheres ginginianus

Jungle Myna R Acridotheres fuscus

White-vented Myna R Acridotheres grandis

Common Hill Myna R Gracula religiosa

Family: Sittidae


Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch R Sitta castanea

White-tailed Nuthatch R Sitta himalayensis

Velvet-fronted Nuthatch R Sitta frontalis

Beautiful Nuthatch Tr Sitta formosa


Wallcreeper w Tichodroma muraria

Family: Certhiidae



Eurasian Treecreeper R Certhia familiaris

Rusty-flanked Treecreeper r Certhia nipalensis

Brown-throated Treecreeper r Certhia discolor



Winter Wren r Troglodytes troglodytes

Family: Paridae


Fire-capped Tit r Cephalopyrus flammiceps


Rufous-vented Tit r Parus rubidiventris

Coal Tit r Parus ater

Grey-crested Tit r Parus dichrous

Great Tit R Parus major

Green-backed Tit R Parus monticolus

Yellow-cheeked Tit r Parus spilonotus

Yellow-browed Tit R Sylviparus modestus

Sultan Tit R Melanochlora sultanea

Family: Aegithalidae

Black-throated Tit R Aegithalos concinnus

Rufous-fronted Tit r Aegithalos iouschistos

Family: Hirundinidae

Pale Martin p Riparia diluta

Sand Martin w Riparia riparia

Plain Martin r Riparia paludicola

Eurasian Crag Martin w Hirundo rupestris

Dusky Crag Martin r Hirundo concolor

Barn Swallow R Hirundo rustica

Wire-tailed Swallow r Hirundo smithii

Red-rumped Swallow W Hirundo daurica

Streak-throated Swallow R Hirundo fluvicola

Asian House Martin r Delichon dasypus

Nepal House Martin r Delichon nipalensis

Family: Regulidae

Goldcrest r Regulus regulus

Family: Pycnonotidae

Striated Bulbul r Pycnonotus striatus

Black-crested Bulbul R Pycnonotus melanicterus

Red-whiskered Bulbul R Pycnonotus jocosus

Himalayan Bulbul R Pycnonotus leucogenys

Red-vented Bulbul R Pycnonotus cafer

White-browed Bulbul r Pycnonotus luteolus

White-throated Bulbul r Alophoixus flaveolus

Ashy Bulbul r Hemixos flavala

Mountain Bulbul r Hypsipetes mcclellandii

Black Bulbul R Hypsipetes leucocephalus

Family Hypocoliidae

Family: Cisticolidae

Zitting Cisticola R Cisticola juncidis

Bright-headed Cisticola r Cisticola exilis

Rufous-vented Prinia Tr Prinia burnesii

Striated Prinia R Prinia criniger

Hill Prinia r Prinia atrogularis

Grey-crowned Prinia TPrinia cinereocapilla

Rufescent Prinia r Prinia rufescens

Grey-breasted Prinia R Prinia hodgsonii

Graceful Prinia r Prinia gracilis

Jungle Prinia r Prinia sylvatica

Yellow-bellied Prinia R Prinia flaviventris

Ashy Prinia r Prinia socialis

Plain Prinia R Prinia inornata

Family: Zosteropidae

Oriental White-eye R Zosterops palpebrosus

Family: Sylviidae


Chestnut-headed Tesia R Tesia castaneocoronata

Slaty-bellied Tesia r Tesia olivea

Grey-bellied Tesia r Tesia cyaniventer

Asian Stubtail v Urosphena squameiceps

Pale-footed Bush Warbler u Cettia pallidipes 

Japanese Bush Warbler u Cettia diphone

Brownish-flanked Bush Warbler r Cettia fortipes

Chestnut-crowned Bush Warbler r Cettia major

Aberrant Bush Warbler R Cettia flavolivacea

Yellowish-bellied Bush Warbler r Cettia acanthizoides

Grey-sided Bush Warbler R Cettia brunnifrons

Chinese Bush Warbler Bradypterus tacsanowskius

Spotted Bush Warbler r Bradypterus thoracicus

Long-billed Bush Warbler Tr Bradypterus major

Brown Bush Warbler r Bradypterus luteoventris

Russet Bush Warbler v Bradypterus seebohmi

Lanceolated Warbler w Locustella lanceolata

Grasshopper Warbler w Locustella naevia

Rusty-rumped Warbler w Locustella certhiola

Black-browed Reed Warbler w Acrocephalus bistrigiceps

Paddyfield Warbler w Acrocephalus agricola

Large-billed Reed Warbler p Acrocephalus orinus

Blunt-winged Warbler w Acrocephalus concinens

Blyth’s Reed Warbler W Acrocephalus dumetorum

Great Reed Warbler w Acrocephalus arundinaceus

Oriental Reed Warbler w Acrocephalus orientalis

Clamorous Reed Warbler W Acrocephalus stentoreus

Thick-billed Warbler w Acrocephalus aedon

Booted Warbler u Hippolais caligata

Sykes’s Warbler w Hippolais rama

Mountain Tailorbird r Orthotomus cuculatus

Common Tailorbird R Orthotomus sutorius

Dark-necked Tailorbird r Orthotomus atrogularis

Common Chiffchaff W Phylloscopus collybita

Dusky Warbler W Phylloscopus fuscatus

Smoky Warbler w Phylloscopus fuligiventer

Tickell’s Leaf Warbler r Phylloscopus affinis

Sulphur-bellied Warbler w Phylloscopus griseolus

Buff-barred Warbler R Phylloscopus pulcher

Ashy-throated Warbler r Phylloscopus maculipennis

Lemon-rumped Warbler rW Phylloscopus chloronotus

Hume's Warbler Phylloscopus humei

Yellow-browed Warbler W Phylloscopus inornatus 

Greenish Warbler R Phylloscopus trochiloides

Large-billed Leaf Warbler p Phylloscopus magnirostris

Western Crowned Warbler p Phylloscopus occipitalis

Eastern Crowned Warbler u Phylloscopus coronatus

Blyth’s Leaf Warbler r Phylloscopus reguloides

Yellow-vented Warbler r Phylloscopus cantator

Golden-spectacled Warbler R Seicercus burkii

Whistler's Warbler R Seicercus whistleri

Grey-hooded Warbler R Seicercus xanthoschistos

White-spectacled Warbler r Seicercus affinis

Grey-cheeked Warbler r Seicercus poliogenys

Chestnut-crowned Warbler r Seicercus castaniceps 

Broad-billed Warbler r Tickellia hodgsoni

Rufous-faced Warbler r Abroscopus albogularis 

Black-faced Warbler r Abroscopus schisticeps

Yellow-bellied Warbler r Abroscopus superciliaris


Striated Grassbird R Megalurus palustris

Bristled Grassbird Tr Chaetornis striatus

Rufous-rumped Grassbird Tr Graminicola bengalensis


White-throated Laughingthrush R Garrulax albogularis

White-crested Laughingthrush R Garrulax leucolophus

Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush r Garrulax monileger 

Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush r Garrulax pectoralis

Striated Laughingthrush R Garrulax striatus

Rufous-necked Laughingthrush r Garrulax ruficollis

Rufous-chinned Laughingthrush r Garrulax rufogularis

Spotted Laughingthrush r Garrulax ocellatus

Grey-sided Laughingthrush r Garrulax caerulatus

Streaked Laughingthrush R Garrulax lineatus

Blue-winged Laughingthrush r Garrulax squamatus

Scaly Laughingthrush r Garrulax subunicolor

Black-faced Laughingthrush r Garrulax affinis

Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush r Garrulax erythrocephalus

Red-faced Liocichla r Liocichla phoenicea



Abbott’s Babbler R Malacocincla abbotti

Puff-throated Babbler r Pellorneum ruficeps

Rusty-cheeked Scimitar Babbler R Pomatorhinus erythrogenys

White-browed Scimitar Babbler R Pomatorhinus schisticeps

Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler R Pomatorhinus ruficollis

Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler r Pomatorhinus ferruginosus

Slender-billed Scimitar Babbler r Xiphirhynchus superciliaris

Long-billed Wren Babbler r Rimator malacoptilus 

Scaly-breasted Wren Babbler R Pnoepyga albiventer

Pygmy Wren Babbler R Pnoepyga pusilla

Rufous-throated Wren Babbler Tr Spelaeornis caudatus

Spotted Wren Babbler r Spelaeornis formosus

Wedge-billed Wren Babbler Tr Sphenocichla humei 

Rufous-fronted Babbler r Stachyris rufifrons 

Rufous-capped Babbler R Stachyris ruficeps

Golden Babbler r Stachyris chrysaea

Grey-throated Babbler r Stachyris nigriceps

Tawny-bellied Babbler r Dumetia hyperythra

Striped Tit Babbler R Macronous gularis

Chestnut-capped Babbler R Timalia pileata

Yellow-eyed Babbler R Chrysomma sinense

Jerdon's Babbler Tr Turdoides striatus 

Common Babbler R Turdoides caudatus

Striated Babbler R Turdoides earlei

Slender-billed Babbler Tr Turdoides longirostris

Jungle Babbler R Turdoides striatus

Silver-eared Mesia r Leiothrix argentauris

Red-billed Leiothrix R Leiothrix lutea

Cutia r Cutia nipalensis

Black-headed Shrike Babbler r Pteruthius rufiventer

White-browed Shrike Babbler r Pteruthius flaviscapis

Green Shrike Babbler r Pteruthius xanthochlorus

Black-eared Shrike Babbler r Pteruthius melanotis

White-hooded Babbler r Gampsorhynchus rufulus

Rusty-fronted Barwing R Actinodura egertoni

Hoary-throated Barwing R Actinodura nipalensis

Blue-winged Minla R Minla cyanouroptera

Chestnut-tailed Minla R Minla strigula

Red-tailed Minla R Minla ignotincta

Golden-breasted Fulvetta r Alcippe chrysotis

Yellow-throated Fulvetta r Alcippe cinerea

Rufous-winged Fulvetta R Alcippe castaneceps

White-browed Fulvetta R Alcippe vinipectus

Rufous-throated Fulvetta r Alcippe rufogularis

Nepal Fulvetta r Alcippe nipalensis

Rufous-backed Sibia r Heterophasia annectans

Rufous Sibia R Heterophasia capistrata

Long-tailed Sibia r Heterophasia picaoides

Striated Yuhina r Yuhina castaniceps

White-naped Yuhina r Yuhina bakeri

Whiskered Yuhina R Yuhina flavicollis

Stripe-throated Yuhina R Yuhina gularis

Rufous-vented Yuhina r Yuhina occipitalis

Black-chinned Yuhina r Yuhina nigrimenta

White-bellied Yuhina r Yuhina zantholeuca

Fire-tailed Myzornis r Myzornis pyrrhoura

Great Parrotbill r Conostoma oemodium

Brown Parrotbill r Paradoxornis unicolor

Grey-headed Parrotbill r Paradoxornis gularis

Black-breasted Parrotbill Tr Paradoxornis flavirostris

Fulvous Parrotbill r Paradoxornis fulvifrons

Black-throated Parrotbill R Paradoxornis nipalensis

Greater Rufous-headed Parrotbill r Paradoxornis ruficeps


Lesser Whitethroat w Sylvia curruca blythi

Eastern Orphean Warbler rw Sylvia crassirostris

Family: Alaudidae

Singing Bushlark r Mirafra cantillans ?

Indian Bushlark r Mirafra erythroptera

Bengal Bushlark R Mirafra assamica

Bimaculated Lark v Melanocorypha bimaculata

Ashy-crowned Sparrow Lark R Eremopterix grisea

Rufous-tailed Lark r Ammomanes phoenicurus

Greater Short-toed Lark w Calandrella brachydactyla

Hume’s Short-toed Lark w Calandrella acutirostris

Sand Lark R Calandrella raytal

Crested Lark r Galerida cristata

Oriental Skylark R Alauda gulgula

Family: Nectariniidae



Thick-billed Flowerpecker R Dicaeum agile

Yellow-vented Flowerpecker Dicaeum chrysorrheum 

Yellow-bellied Flowerpecker r Dicaeum melanoxanthum

Pale-billed Flowerpecker R Dicaeum erythrorynchos

Plain Flowerpecker r Dicaeum concolor

Fire-breasted Flowerpecker r Dicaeum ignipectus

Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker R Dicaeum cruentatum 


Ruby-cheeked Sunbird r Anthreptes singalensis

Purple-rumped Sunbird R Nectarinia zeylonica

Purple Sunbird R Nectarinia asiatica

Loten’s Sunbird r Nectarinia lotenia

Mrs. Gould’s Sunbird r Aethopyga gouldiae

Green-tailed Sunbird R Aethopyga nipalensis

Black-throated Sunbird R Aethopyga saturata

Crimson Sunbird R Aethopyga siparaja

Fire-tailed Sunbird r Aethopyga ignicauda

Little Spiderhunter R Arachnothera longirostra

Streaked Spiderhunter r Arachnothera magna



House Sparrow R Passer domesticus

Russet Sparrow R Passer rutilans

Eurasian Tree Sparrow R Passer montanus

Chestnut-shouldered Petronia r Petronia xanthocollis


Forest Wagtail P Dendronanthus indicus

White Wagtail R Motacilla alba

White-browed Wagtail R Motacilla maderaspatensis

Citrine Wagtail W Motacilla citreola citreola

Yellow Wagtail W Motacilla flava

Grey Wagtail R Motacilla cinerea

Richard’s Pipit W Anthus richardi

Paddyfield Pipit R Anthus rufulus

Tawny Pipit w Anthus campestris

Blyth’s Pipit w Anthus godlewskii

Upland Pipit r Anthus sylvanus

Long-billed Pipit w Anthus similis

Tree Pipit r Anthus trivialis

Olive-backed Pipit R Anthus hodgsoni

Red-throated Pipit p Anthus cervinus

Rosy Pipit r Anthus roseatus

Buff-bellied Pipit w Anthus rubescens


Altai Accentor w Prunella himalayana

Alpine Accentor r Prunella collaris 

Robin Accentor r Prunella rubeculoides

Rufous-breasted Accentor r Prunella strophiata

Maroon-backed Accentor w Prunella immaculata


Black-breasted Weaver R Ploceus benghalensis

Streaked Weaver R Ploceus manyar

Baya Weaver R Ploceus philippinus

Finn’s Weaver Tr Ploceus megarhynchus


Red Avadavat R Amandava amandava

Indian Silverbill R Lonchura malabarica

White-rumped Munia R Lonchura striata

Scaly-breasted Munia R Lonchura punctulata

Black-headed Munia R Lonchura malacca

Family: Fringillidae




Yellow-breasted Greenfinch R Carduelis spinoides

Tibetan Siskin r Carduelis thibetana

Plain Mountain Finch r Leucosticte nemoricola

Dark-breasted Rosefinch R Carpodacus nipalensis

Blanford's Rosefinch r Carpodacus rubescens

Beautiful Rosefinch r Carpodacus pulcherrimus 

Common Rosefinch R Carpodacus erythrinus

Pink-browed Rosefinch r Carpodacus rodochrous

Dark-rumped Rosefinch R Carpodacus edwardsii

Spot-winged Rosefinch r Carpodacus rodopeplus

White-browed Rosefinch r Carpodacus thura

Spectacled Finch r Callacanthis burtoni

Crimson-browed Finch r Propyrrhula subhimachala

Scarlet Finch r Haematospiza sipahi

Red Crossbill r Loxia curvirostra

Brown Bullfinch R Pyrrhula nipalensis

Red-headed Bullfinch r Pyrrhula erythrocephala

Grey-headed Bullfinch r Pyrrhula erythaca 

Collared Grosbeak r Mycerobas affinis

Spot-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas melanozanthos

White-winged Grosbeak r Mycerobas carnipes

Gold-naped Finch R Pyrrhoplectes epauletta


Crested Bunting R Melophus lathami

Ortolan Bunting v Emberiza hortulana

Chestnut-eared Bunting w Emberiza fucata

Little Bunting W Emberiza pusilla

Yellow-breasted Bunting Tw Emberiza aureola

Chestnut Bunting w Emberiza rutila

Black-headed Bunting w Emberiza melanocephala

Black-faced Bunting w Emberiza spodocephala

Grey-headed Bullfinch r Pyrrhula erythaca 

Collared Grosbeak r Mycerobas affinis

Spot-winged Grosbeak r Mycerobas melanozanthos

White-winged Grosbeak r Mycerobas carnipes

Gold-naped Finch R Pyrrhoplectes epaulet



·         Field Guide to the Birds of the Eastern Himalayas ~ Salim Ali

·         A Birdwatcher's Guide to India ~ Krys Kazmierczak

·         A Field Guide to the Birds of India ~ Krys Kazmierczak

·         A Checklist of the Birds of Buxa Tiger Reserve West Bengal ~ D Allen, J Anderton & K Kazmierczak (Forktail 12)

·         Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan ~ S Ali & S.D. Ripley

·         Birds of the Indian Subcontinent ~ R. Grimmett,T.Inskipp & C. Inskipp

·         A Checklist of the Birds of Jaldapara Sanctuary (WB) by Sujan Chatterjee (at Delhibird.org)

·         Checklist of the Birds of the Lava, West Bengal by Nick Dymond

·         Annotated checklist of Singalila National Park (WB) by Sujan Chatterjee (at Kolkatabirds.com)

·         A Pictorial guide to the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent - S Ali & S. D. Ripley

·         Avifauna as Indicators of Habitat Quality in Buxa Tiger Reserve (2000-01) ~ BNHS Vibhu Prakash et al.

·         C.M. Inglis Birds of the Duars Journal Bengal nat. Hist. Soc. 1941;1944;1945;1946-47;1948-49;1951-66

·         ZSI. (1992) Fauna of West Bengal Part 1

·         Journal Darjeeling Nat. Hist. Soc. 1927;1926-29;1930; 1935;1936-37;1938-39

·         Sidensticker's list of birds of Sunderbans

·         Birds of South Asia - The Ripley Guide ~ Pamela C. Rasmussen

·         The Birds of Durgapur and Damodar Valley ~ F.M. Gauntlett (JBNHS Vol.82)

·         First photographic record of Fieldfare Turdus pilaris from the Indian Subcontinent
Mayukh Banerjee & Tim Inskipp ; Indian Birds Vol. 8 No. 3 March 2013.

·         Sashikumar, C, Vishnudas, C.K, Raju, S., Vinayan, P.A. & Rajashree, V.V. 2013. A Catalogue of the Birds in the Collection of Trivandrum Museum.

Trip reports used:

·         North-east India, April 2004 by Tim Allwood (at Surfbirds)

·         Himalayan Birding Tour April 2003 By Niels Poul Dreyer (at Birdtours.co.uk)

·         Birding Trip Report Sikkim and North Bengal November 2003 by Mike Prince (at Kolkatabirds.com)

·         Birding Trip Report North Bengal November 2002 by Mike Prince (at Kolkatabirds.com)

·         Sikkim and West Bengal 28/3 - 15/4 2004 by Roger Ahlman (at Club300.se)

·         North-east India March-April 1998 by Henk Hendriks (at worldtwitch.com)

·         Darjeeling April 2001 by Dave Farrow (at Shortwing.co.uk)

·         Darjeeling, India 2003, Phil and Charlotte Benstead (at Birdtours.co.uk)

·         Birds of Suntalekhola Dec 2002 by Dipankar Ghose (at Kolkatabirds.com)

·         North-east Trip Report April 2003 by Sumit Sen (at Kolkatabirds.com)

·         North-east India (March 1998) by Jon Hornbuckle (at worldtwitch.com)

·         Eastern Himalayas March/April 2004 by Mike Waite (at Kolkatabirds.com)

·         Northern West Bengal and South Sikkim April-May 2004, Jonathan Taylor (at Birdtours.co.uk)

·         Lava & Singalila records of Per Alstrom/Bjorn Johansson; Paul Holt and Desmond Allen

·         Some observations from West Bengal and Sikkim; Orientalbirding Forum, Mathias Ritschard, Feb 2006

·         Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus) contributed by Dipankar Ghose 2010

·         Violet Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus) contributed by Debasis Nandy 2011

·         Ortolan Bunting contributed by Jayanta Manna 2013

·         Asian Stubtail contributed by Sandip Das, 2013

·         Siberian Thrush contributed by Jayanta Manna, 2013

·         Short-tailed Shearwater contributed by Paritosh Giri/NEWS, 2013

·         Joanin's Petrel contributed by Shantanu Prasad, 2013

·         Black-headed Bunting contributed by K.S. Ray, 2012

·         Western Reef Egret contributed by Uddalok Bandyopadhyay and Souvik Chattopadhyay

·         Swinhoe's Minivet by Prosenjit Singha Deo and Caeser Sen

·         Desert Wheatear by Shib Ram Nag

·         Black-breasted Thrush by Anupam Mistry

© Sumit K Sen 2014


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