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A systematic and annotated list of birds seen
by Sumit Sen
19 May - 26 May 2004


© Sumit Sen
Blue-capped Rock Thrush

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Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus
Seen and heard In Dhikala and Fulai Chaur. Seen on every trip to the area

Common Quail Coturnix coturnix
Three birds seen on different days in Dhikala Chaur. One flew off under our feet.

Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus
Common thought the park as well as in the buffer area. Several broods seen daily

Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus
Several seen both within and without the park. A few dancing.

Barred Buttonquail Turnix suscitator
One seen by Manoj Sharma in Sherbhurjee area

Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla
Two seen

Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus
Several seen over the period.

Brown-fronted Woodpecker Dendrocopos auriceps
One seen outside the park at an elevation of about 5000 feet.

Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos macei
The commonest of the pied woodpeckers. Several seen.

Rufous Woodpecker Celeus brachyurus
Several seen in various parts of the park

Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus
Few seen. The Greater was however not seen.

Streak-throated Woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus
Not uncommon. Seen on most days

Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus
The commonest woodpecker in the area. Several seen daily

Himalayan Flameback Dinopium shorii
One seen

Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense
Not as common as one would expect. Only one seen

Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus
Pair on the way to Dhikala

Great Slaty Woodpecker Mulleripicus pulverulentus
One heard outside the park near Kumeria. A flock of 11 seen short of the Lohachaur Forest Rest-house in the Sal Forest

Great Barbet Megalaima virens
One heard on the road to Kanda. One seen near Machure outside the park

Brown-headed Barbet Megalaima zeylanica
Several seen and heard

Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata
Commoner than the above. Several seen and heard

Blue-throated Barbet Megalaima asiatica
Several seen and heard

Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala
Two seen and several heard

Indian Grey Hornbill Ocyceros birostris
Singles seen at Claridges Resort, Kumeria road and Dhikala Tourist area.

Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris
Seen almost daily. One flock of over forty birds was observed in the Bijrani area. Also seen outside the park on the Kumeria road.

Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis
Heard and seen on three different occasions, including outside the park on the Mohan Road

Common Hoopoe Upupa epops
Seen at Dhikala

Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis
Not as common as expected. Seen once in Sherbhurjee and once at Dhikala

Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis
Summer visitor. Seen daily flying in pairs and calling loudly

Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
Seen on the Ramganga and Kosi rivers. Uncommon

White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis
Seen on the Ramganga and Kosi rivers. Commonest Kingfisher

Crested Kingfisher Megaceryle lugubris
Seen on the Ramganga and Kosi rivers daily.

Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis
Seen on the Ramganga and Kosi rivers. Not uncommon

Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis
Common throughout the area. Seen daily.

Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus
A flock of around forty seen on two occasions near Mota Sal

Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaulti
Seen on three occasions in Mota Sal area as well as on the Sambhar Road near Khinnanauli

Pied Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus
Only one seen on road to Lohachaur

Common Hawk Cuckoo Hierococcyx varius
Heard daily. One good sighting on Road to Lohachaur.

Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus
Heard daily. One seen flying outside the park and calling

Eurasian Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
Heard daily

Drongo Cuckoo Surniculus lugubris
Heard daily but seen once at Gairal Forest-resthouse.

Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopacea
Heard and seen at Dhikala

Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis
Seen on the Kosi near Infinity Resorts

Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis
Seen in Fulai Chaur as well as in Dhikala Chaur

Alexandrine Parakeet Psittacula eupatria
Least common of the parakeets seen

Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri
Seen in flocks daily

Slaty-headed Parakeet Psittacula himalayana
A few seen in the park but most sightings were on the road to Machure outside the park and at an elevation over 4000 feet.

Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala
Common both in and outside the park

Red-breasted Parakeet Psittacula alexandri
One or two seen daily.

White-rumped Needletail Zoonavena sylvatica
A few seen flying high over Bijrani

Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba
A few seen flying high over Dhikala

Asian Palm Swift Cypsiurus balasiensis
A few seen flying

House Swift Apus affinis
A few seen flying over Ramnagar

Crested Treeswift Hemiprocne coronata
Several seen on a daily basis

Brown Fish Owl Ketupa zeylonensis
One seen, looking very agitated, early in the morning on Sambhar Road. One bird was observed high on a branch on the Kosi River near Quality Inn in Kumeria.

Jungle Owlet Glaucidium radiatum
A single bird seen near Mota Sal

Large-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus
Seen and heard near the tourist complex in Dhikala

Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis
Seen and heard near the tourist complex in Dhikala and in Bijrani

Rock Pigeon Columba livia

Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis
Seen on Sultan-Gairal Road. Also outside the park

Laughing Dove Streptopelia senegalensis
Seen at Dhikala and near Dhangari and Bijrani Gates

Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis
Common throughout the area

Red Collared Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica
Seen at Dhikala

Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Seen outside the park as well as in Dhikala.

Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica
Several seen flying low in the forest

Yellow-footed Green Pigeon Treron phoenicoptera
Very common in the forest

Pin-tailed Green Pigeon Treron apicauda
A single bird was observed in a flock of Yellow-footed on the Sultan-Gairal Road

Brown Crake Amaurornis akool
A single bird was observed left of the first wooden bridge on the Khinanauli-Ghetiararao sector

Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Seen at Sherbhurji and reservoir area

Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Seen at Sherbhurjee and reservoir area

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Seen at Sherbhurjee and reservoir area. Also on the Ramganga and Kosi River.

Little Stint Calidris minuta
Seen at Sherbhurjee and reservoir area

Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckii
Seen at Sherbhurjee and reservoir area

Great Thick-knee Esacus recurvirostris
A single bird seen at Sherbhurjee

Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Seen at Sherbhurjee and reservoir area. Common outside the park.

Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Seen at Sherbhurjee and reservoir area

River Lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii
Seen at Sherbhurjee and reservoir area. Common on the Ramganga, Mandal and Kosi riverbanks.

Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Very common. Breeding at the moment.

Small Pratincole Glareola lacteal
Seen at Sherbhurjee and reservoir area. We found the nest and observed a bird mobbing an Indian Roller.

Pallas’s Gull Larus ichthyaetus
A single bird seen at reservoir area

River Tern Sterna aurantia
Several seen at reservoir area

Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus
Several seen at Sherbhurjee and reservoir area

Oriental Honey-buzzard Pernis ptilorhyncus
Commonest raptor in the park seen daily.

Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus
A single bird seen outside the park at Machure

Black Kite Milvus migrans
Common outside the park

Pallas’s Fish Eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus
Common in the Dhikala and Ringora area.

Lesser Fish Eagle Ichthyophaga humilis
Common in the Dhikala and Ringora. Several seen

Grey-headed Fish Eagle Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
One bird seen at Ringora

Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus
A single bird seen outside the park

White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis
Three birds were seen next to a nest with one young near Ringora Village,
near the Amdanda Gate

Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis
Several seen flying in and around the park

Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus
Two birds seen near Ringora

Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus
At least six birds were seen on different days flying over the Dhikala and Fulai Chaurs

Short-toed Snake Eagle Circaetus gallicus
A single bird seen near Mohan

Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela
Common. Several birds seen.

Shikra Accipiter badius
Several birds observed, including one diving and dropping about 500 feet like a Peregrine

Bonelli’s Eagle Hieraaetus fasciatus
One bird seen

Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus
One bird observed

Rufous-bellied Eagle Hieraaetus kienerii
Two birds including a juvenile seen

Changeable Hawk Eagle Spizaetus cirrhatus
Common. Several seen in different parts of the Park and the buffer area.

Mountain Hawk Eagle Spizaetus nipalensis
Seen on the road to Machure and over Dhikala

Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Seen over the Dhikala Chaur as well as on the way to Machure

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
One bird seen in Dhikala Chaur

Darter Anhinga melanogaster
A single bird was seen in the Bijrani area.

Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Common on the Ramganga and Kosi rivers

Little Egret Egretta garzetta

Grey Heron Ardea cinerea

Great Egret Casmerodius albus

Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis

Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii

All of the above were observed several times on the riverbanks

Little Heron Butorides striatus
Two birds were seen from the Infinity Resort verandah on the Kosi river

Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Several seen flying over the Dhikala Tourist complex

Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucocordia
A single bird was seen on the reservoir

Black Stork Ciconia nigra
Three birds were seen flying on the Fulai Chaur. Rather late for these birds

Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
About four seen in the Fulai Chaur area. Also a single bird in Bijrani

Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
Two birds seen at Sherbhurjee

Indian Pitta Pitta brachyura
Heard every single day but seldom seen

Long-tailed Broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae
Two pairs seen and photographed in Lohachaur area

Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach
Strangely the only shrike seen on the trip.

Black-headed Jay Garrulus lanceolatus
Seen on the Machure-Chimtakhal Road

Red-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa erythrorhyncha
Several parties seen on the Road to Machure

Common Green Magpie Cissa chinensis
One bird seen in a "nullah" beyond Dhangari gate

Rufous Treepie Dendrocitta vagabunda
Lowland areas of the park.

Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae
Several seen on the road to Machure

House Crow Corvus splendens

Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos
Common. Several seen daily

Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus
Summer visitor. Several seen and heard.

Black-hooded Oriole Oriolus xanthornus
Several seen in various parts of the park

Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos
One seen at Chimtakhal

Rosy Minivet Pericrocotus roseus
Summer visitor but strangely the most common of the minivets seen.

Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
A pair seen near Lohachaur

Long-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus
Common. Several seen.

Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus
Common. Several seen

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus
A group was seen in Lohachaur and a pair near Sarapduli.

White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis

Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus
Common, seen everywhere and every day.

Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus
Several seen

Bronzed Drongo Dicrurus aeneus
Seen mostly in the Lohachaur area.

Spangled Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus
Seen mostly in the Bijrani area.

Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea
A single bird was seen near the Amla Sot on Sambhar road. Another bird was observed in the buffer area near Infinity resort.

Asian Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi
This summer visitor has invaded the park and up to twenty pairs were seen every day

Common Iora Aegithina tiphia
A single bird was seen on the main road between Ramnagar and Dhangari Gate, several heard.

Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus
A single bird was observed in Lohachaur

Blue-capped Rock Thrush Monticola cinclorhynchus
Very common both inside and outside the pair.

Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius
Seen across the Kosi river from the Claridges Resort and one at Dhikala Complex.

Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus
Common. Several seen in a day

Orange-headed Thrush Zoothera citrina
Another common summer visitor. Several seen daily

Tickell’s Thrush Turdus unicolor
A single bird seen on the edge of the forest near Dhikala

Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica
A single bird seen in a "nullah" beyond Dhangari gate

Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva
Not common. Only two were seen in the entire stay

Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris
A single bird was seen in the forest

Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassina
Common on the road to Machure. A few were seen inside the park

Small Niltava Niltava macgrigoriae
Seen in low scrub outside the park

Rufous-bellied Niltava Niltava sundara
Seen once in the Machure trip

Blue-throated Flycatcher Cyornis rubeculoides
Seen several times in the highlands

Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae
Three specimens seen in the forested areas of the park

Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
Very common in the grasslands. Several seen on each trip to the Dhikala Chaur.

Oriental Magpie Robin Copsychus saularis
Possibly the most common bird in the park

White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus
Four seen on the road to Kanda. Several seen in the Bijrani area.

Indian Robin Saxicoloides fulicata
Seen at Bijrani

Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Three birds seen in Dhikala and Bijrani

White-capped Water Redstart Chaimarrornis leucocephalus
Seen on both the Ramganga and the Kosi rivers

Plumbeous Water Redstart Rhyacornis fuliginosus
One pair seen on the way to Machure

Spotted Forktail Enicurus maculates
A pair was seen on the Machure- Chimtakhal Road far away from any water.

Common Stonechat Saxicola torquata
Very common in the grasslands

Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata
Common. Several seen

Grey Bushchat Saxicola ferrea
A pair seen on the road to Machure

Spot-winged Starling Saroglossa spiloptera
A single bird was seen briefly near the Dhangari Gate

Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnus malabaricus
Seen in hundreds everyday.

Brahminy Starling Sturnus pagodarum
Seen in Dhikala and out side the park

Asian Pied Starling Sturnus contra
Seen at the Amdanda gate

Common Myna Acridotheres tristis

Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus
Seen en-route to the area

Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus
Not uncommon. Seen at several times.

Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch Sitta castanea

White-tailed Nuthatch Sitta himalayensis

Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis

All three nuthatches were seen within the park and in different places.

Great Tit Parus major
Another common bird
. Seen several times each day

Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus
Seen on the Machure-Chimtakhal road.

Black-lored Tit Parus xanthogenys
One bird seen at the edge of the forest near Dhikala and another on the road to Kumeria

Plain Martin
A flock seen of the Dhikala Chaur

Dusky Crag Martin Hirundo concolor
Several birds seen over the river parallel to the Sambhar road

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Several birds seen near the river at Gairal

Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica
Two birds observed on a wire near Machure

Black-crested Bulbul Pycnonotus melanicterus
Several seen. Not shy and can be seen at close quarters

Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus
Not uncommon
. Several seen

Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys
All over the place. Very common

Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer
Common. Several pairs seen

Ashy Bulbul Hemixos flavala
Several seen throughout the stay.

Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus
More common in the higher reaches of the park. Seen on the way to Kanda as well as on the road to Machure

Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis
Several seen in Dhikala Chaur

Bright-headed Cisticola Cisticola exilis
Not as common as the above but easily seen in Dhikala Chaur

Striated Prinia Prinia criniger
Strangely seen low-down near Kanda

Grey-breasted Prinia Prinia hodgsonii
Very common. Seen several times

Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis
Seen at Dhikala and at Gairal

Plain Prinia Prinia inornata
Seen at Dhikala Chaur

Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus
Very common

Blyth’s Reed Warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum
Common passage migrant. Seen often

Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius
Only one seen near Infinity Resort

Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Few seen over the period

Tickell’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus affinis
Several seen through the period. Common

Sulphur-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus
Two birds seen near the Dhikala Canteen. A recent addition to the checklist

Grey-hooded Warbler Seicercus xanthoschistos
Two birds seen, one in Dhikala and the other on the Sultan-Gairal Road

Striated Grassbird Megalurus palustris
Only one bird seen in the Dhikala Chaur

White-throated Laughingthrush Garrulax albogularis

White-crested Laughingthrush Garrulax leucolophus

Several flocks of the above two birds were met in the forest. Common and easily seen

Streaked Laughingthrush Garrulax lineatus
One bird on the Machure-Chimtakhal Road

Rusty-cheeked Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus erythrogenys
More heard than seen. One good and prolonged sighting on Sambhar Road

Black-chinned Babbler Stachyris pyrrhops
Seen and heard every day. Common

Yellow-eyed Babbler Chrysomma sinense
One seen near Lohachaur

Large Grey Babbler Turdoides malcolmi
A pair seen near Dhangari Gate

Jungle Babbler Turdoides striatus
Common and ubiquitous

Black-chinned Yuhina Yuhina nigrimenta
A few birds seen on the Sultan-Gairal Road

Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla
Pair seen in Dhikala Chaur

Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula
Several birds were seen in Dhikala Chaur

Pale-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrorynchos
Seen at Dhikala Tourist complex

Purple Sunbird Nectarinia asiatica
Very Common. Seen everyday

Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja
Seen in the forest and at Infinity Resort

House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Seen In Dhikala and around other forest rest-houses

Russet Sparrow Passer rutilans
Seen on the road to Machure

Chestnut-shouldered Petronia Petronia xanthocollis
A big flock seen near Claridges Resort and intermittently in other places including the Bijrani area

White Wagtail Motacilla alba

White-browed Wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensi

Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola 
Many on Dhikala Chaur

Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
Many on Dhikala Chaur

Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea

Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus

Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris

Long-billed Pipit Anthus similes

The Dhikala Chaur held a good number of pipits and were relatively tame and easy to see.

Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni
A few seen

Upland Pipit Anthus sylvanus
A single bird was observed near Machure

Baya Weaver Ploceus philippinus

Red Avadavat Amandava amandava

Indian Silverbill Lonchura malabarica

All the above were seen in the Dhikala Chaur

Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus
A single bird was seen in Fulai Chaur

Crested Bunting Melophus lathami
Seen the Dhikala Tourist Complex and the Machure-Chimtakhal Road.

White-capped Bunting Emberiza stewarti
A pair was seen sitting on a wire in the Dhikala Tourist complex



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