Eastern Himalaya
Trip Report

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Trip Report symbol © Sumit Sen                           North Bengal & Sikkim
                           by Sumit Sen
                           03 December -11 December 2004


© Sumit K Sen 2004
Mt. Kabru from Pelling, Sikkim

Trip List


I spent nine days in North Bengal and Sikkim on a photographic trip with friends from Bangalore. We visited Pelling, Sikkim (7000ft), Biksthang, Western Sikkim (4000 ft), Rishyap, Lava (8000 ft) and Gorumara (plains). I also spent an extra day at Sukna in the Mahananda WLS, West Bengal (foothills). The appended list of 190 birds were observed during the trip.

The objective of the trip being primarily photographic, bird counts would be lower than expected as time was devoted to procure images. The best bird on the trip was a pair of Silver-eared Mesia's at Chapramari, a significant record for the area. A Spot-winged Rosefinch at Rishyap and a Crimson-browed Finch at Pelling were also important sightings from the area.


Day 1: Arrive Bagdogra airport (p.m.) and travel by road to Sukna ( 1/2 hr). Stay at Sukna Forest Bungalow.
Day 2: a.m. birding at Sukna and Phulbari Barrage, Siliguri. Drive to Pemayangtse, Sikkim. Stay at Mount Pandim Hotel, Pemayangtse, Sikkim. 
Day 3: Birding near Sanga Chelling monastery area and Rabadantse. Night at Pemayangtse.
Day 4: a.m. birding near hotel. Drive to Biksthang, western Sikkim (2 hrs). Stay at Bliss Resort, Biksthang.
Day 5: a.m. birding at Biksthang. Afternoon drive to Kalimpong. Stay at Silver Oaks, Kalimpong.
Day 6: a.m. birding Algarah Road area, Lava. Aftrenoon at Rishyap (8200ft). Overnight at Rishyap Tourist Center.
Day 7: Full day birding Rishyap. Depart for Gorumara. Overnight at Gorumara Jungle Camp.
Day 8: Full day birding at Gorumara National Park and Chapramari area.
Day 9: Depart for Bagdogra after morning birding on the Mahakal trail.


Day 1: Arrive Bagdogra and transit to Sukna Forest Rest House. No birding possible.
Day 2: Birded the bird rich Sukna area of the Mahananda WLS, West Bengal. Of note were feeding flocks of Pin-tailed Green Pigeons, Lineated Barbets, an Asian Barred Owlet, both Greater Flameback and Yellownapes. This riverside habitat on the way to Darjeeling is a must visit for birders. 40 species in a couple of hours work.
Day 3: We birded the route to Sanga Chelling monastery which was extremely disturbed due to ongoing construction activity. We dipped on both the Myzornis and Slender-billed Scimitar Babbler (our main targets) but managed a male Golden Bush Robin. The afternoon threw up a Crimson-browed Finch, a Maroon Oriole and a Yellow-cheeked Tit near the hotel.
Day 4:  A Dark-rumped Rosefinch, the usual Fulvettas and Sibias and flocks of Yellow-breasted Greenfinch were noted before we left Pelling. On the way to Biksthang a riverside stop produced a Crested Kingfisher, a Little Forktail and a Blue Rock Thrush showing intermediate plumage ( a mix of pandoo and philippensis). 
Day 5: Biksthang had a Common Buzzard and over-flying Steppe Eagles. Another Asian Barred Owlet here made it 3 in a row (one was seen at Pelling too). A stop on the way to Kalimpong produced a large flock of feeding Hill Mynas and a hunting party had all three Minlas and a Yellow-bellied Fantail. The last stop produced a Slaty-backed Forktail.
Day 6: Lava produced good birds as usual. The day started with the amazing site of 400-500 Black Bulbuls wheeling overhead in tight circles. Black Bulbuls were very common throughout the trip. Key birds noted include: Plain-backed Thrush, Barred Cuckoo Dove, Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon, Yellow-billed Blue Magpie, Striated and Mountain Bulbul, Hoary and Rusty-fronted Barwings, Maroon-backed Accentor and Blue-winged Laughingthrush. 
Day 7: Rishyap is usually a great place to bird but the numbers were down on this visit. Of note here were a female Spot-winged Rosefinch, a Dark-breasted Rosefinch, numerous Rufous-breasted Accentors, a pair of Rusty-cheeked Scimitar Babblers and a Dark-throated Thrush. It was also interesting to observe Red-vented Bulbuls and Long-tailed Shrikes (l.s. tricolor) at this height (8200ft)in December. This would be a record for the Red-vented which is known to go up to 7000ft. 
Day 8: Gorumara National Park and the Range Office produced Streak-throated Woodpecker, Greater Flameback, Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo, Collared Falconet, Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker, Short-billed Minivet, Oriental Pied Hornbill, Green-billed Malkoha, Lesser Adjutant and an immature Black Stork. The Chapramari area had some good species including the very rarely seen (in the area) Silver-eared Mesia. Collared Falconets and a Rufous Woodpecker were also of interest. The Gorumara Jungle Camp had a visiting Brown Hawk Owl to cap the day.
Day 9: Morning birding on the Mahakal trail yielded a Blue-naped Monarch and many Crimson Sunbirds. The river Teesta held a pair of Ruddy Shelducks and a female Common Merganser.

The trip was arranged by Help Tourism


1. Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus
On the road to Kalimpong 
2. Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus
Sukna and Gorumara national Park
3. Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Many at Phulbari Barrage and a pair on the river Teesta
4. Gadwall Anas strepera
Small flock at Phulbari Barrage.
5. Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca
Approximately 40 at Phulbari Barrage.
6. Common Merganser Mergus merganser
Lone female on the Teesta near Coronation Bridge on the return journey.
7. Rufous Woodpecker Celeus brachyurus
One seen at Chapramari WLS, duars.
8. Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus
Fairly common in the mixed hunting flocks of smallies.
9. Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos macei
At Gorumara Jungle Camp
10. Lesser Yellownape  Picus chlorolophus
At Biksthang. 
11. Greater Yellownape Picus flavinucha 
Common on this trip with sightings at Sukna, Pelling, Rishyap and Gorumara.
12. Streak-throated Woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus
One seen early morning at the Range Office, Gorumara.
13. Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus
Observed at Sukna and Gorumara  
14. Great Barbet Megalaima virens 
Common at higher elevations down to 4000 feet (Biksthang).
15. Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata
Large flock on fruiting tree at Sukna and small numbers at Gorumara.
16. Golden-throated Barbet * Megalaima franklinii
Observed at Lava and Rishyap

© Sudhir Shivaram 2004

17. Blue-throated Barbet Megalaima asiatica 
Singles in Pelling, Biksthang and Gorumara.
18. Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris
Common at Gorumara and a pair on the road from Biksthang to Kalimpong.
19. Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis affinis
A few seen on the road from Siliguri to Gorumara. Also at Gorumara Jungle Camp.
20. Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
At Sukna and Gorumara
21. White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis 
Gorumara area and on the river Teesta. One individual also noted at Biksthang.
22. Crested Kingfisher Megaceryle lugubris
On a tributary of river Rangit near Biksthang 
23. Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis
Pair at Phulbari Barrage.
24. Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaulti
Seen by a single observer in the Gorumara area.
25. Green-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus tristis 
26. Alexandrine Parakeet Psittacula eupatria 
Common in the Gorumara area

© Sumit K Sen 2004

27. Red-breasted Parakeet Psittacula alexandri 
28. Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri
Sukna, Mahananda WLS.
29. Asian Palm Swift Cypsiurus balasiensis 
Gorumara area
30. Asian Barred Owlet Glaucidium cuculoides 
Sukna, Pelling, Biksthang and Gorumara. Seemed almost common.

© Sumit K Sen 2004

31. Brown Hawk Owl Ninox scutulata
One bird at the Gorumara Jungle Camp.
32. Long-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus
Mahakal trail, Gorumara.
33. Rock Pigeon Columba livia 
Common. Most presumed feral.
34. Speckled Wood Pigeon Columba hodgsonii
Pair in flight over Algarah Road, Lava.
35. Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea 
Rhino Point Watchtower, Gorumara. 
36. Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis 
Sukna, Pelling and Gorumara. Also on the road at various points.
37. Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis 
38. Red Collared Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica
Common at Gorumara near the elephant holding area

© Sumit K Sen 2004

39. Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto 
On the road from Siliguri
40. Barred Cuckoo Dove Macropygia unchall
Flock of eight at 7th mile on Algarah Road, Lava
41. Thick-billed Green Pigeon Treron phoenicoptera
Pair at Gorumara National Park.
42. Yellow-footed Green Pigeon Treron phoenicoptera
Many at Rhino Point, Gorumara. 
43. Pin-tailed Green Pigeon Treron apicauda
Six birds feeding at Sukna.
44. Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon Treron sphenura
45. Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
A few on the pond at Chapramari WLS.
46. Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
One bird on the river Murti, Gorumara National Park
47. Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
At the same place as the Greenshank. Also at Phulbari Barrage.
48. Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
At Phulbari and on the road to Gorumara.
49. Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
Good flock at Phulbari Barrage.
50. Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Chapramari WLS.
51. Black Kite Milvus migrans 
Common in the Siliguri area. 
52. Black Kite Milvus migrans lineatus
Sukna, Mahananda WLS
53. White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis 
Single bird in a flock of Himalayan Griffons in the lowlands.
54. Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis 
Large flock on the road from Bagdogra to Sevok road. Lowlands.

© Sumit K Sen 2004

55. Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela 
individuals at Sukna, Biksthang and Gorumara.
56. Black Eagle  Ictinaetus malayensis 
Aerial views from Biksthang. 
57. Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
Lava area.
58. Oriental Honey-buzzard Pernis ptilorhyncus orientalis
One on the road to Lava.
59. Common Buzzard Buteo buteo
One seen at Biksthang.
60. Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis
Three over-flying Biksthang.
61. Mountain Hawk Eagle Spizaetus nipalensis 
Pairs observed over Pelling and Lava area.
62. Collared Falconet Microhierax caerulescens
Adults at Gorumara National Park and Chapramari WLS.

© Sumit K Sen 2004

63. Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
On the road from Lava to Gorumara.
64. Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger 
Phulbari Barrage and Gorumara National Park
65. Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 
Phulbari Barrage
66. Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Gorumara National Park
67. Great Egret Casmerodius albus
Chapramari WLS
68. Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Gorumara National Park
69. Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis 
Common lowlands. 
70. Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii 
Gorumara National Park and on the road in the plains.
71. Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Single observer sighting on the Murti River, Gorumara
72. Black Stork Ciconia nigra
Immature over Murti river, Gorumara
73. Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus
Singles at Gorumara and Chapramari.

© Sumit K Sen 2004

74. Golden-fronted Leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons
Pair at Sukna. Also at Gorumara.
75. Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus 
Many on  the road from Siliguri to river Teesta 
76. Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach tricolor
At Pelling, Biksthang and Rishyap. A high altitude sighting at Rishyap (2700m)
77. Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus 
Pelling, Biksthang and Gorumara area.
78. Yellow-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa flavirostris
Five birds seen near 7th mile on Algarah Road, Lava.
79. Rufous Treepie Dendrocitta vagabunda 
Gorumara  area
80. Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae 
Common. Seen daily.
81. House Crow Corvus splendens 
Siliguri and Pelling.
82. Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 
Seen on all days of the trip
83. Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus
Gorumara National park
84. Black-hooded Oriole Oriolus xanthornus
Gorumara area. 
85. Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii
At Pelling, Rishyap and Gorumara.
86. Large Cuckooshrike Coracina macei
Sukna and Gorumara area.

© Sumit K Sen 2004

87. Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus 
Large flock at Sukna and on the road in Sikkim and at Gorumara.
88. Yellow-bellied Fantail Rhipidura hypoxantha
On the road twice in mixed hunting flocks.
89. White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis
On the road in Sikkim and also at Gorumara.
90. Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus 
Common in the lowlands. 
91. Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus 
Sukna, Biksthang and  Gorumara.
92. Spangled Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus 
On the road in Sikkim, Sukna and at Gorumara.
93. Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus remifer 
Gorumara area.
94. Common Iora Aegithina tiphia
At Rhino Point, Gorumara.
95. Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea
A pair on the Mahakal trail.
96. Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola cinclorynchus
Pair on the way to Sanga Chelling, Pelling.
97. Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius
On the road to Biksthang. Intermediate between pandoo and philippensis.

© Sumit K Sen 2004

98. Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus
Common at all elevations. 
99. Plain-backed thrush Zoothera mollissima
One on the way to Lava on Algarah Road.
100. Grey-winged Blackbird Turdus boulboul
Only in the  Pemayangtse area.
101. Dark-throated Thrush Turdus ruficollis ruficollis
At Rishyap, Lava.
102. Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica
At the usual haunt near the village on Algarah Road where the road to Rishyap originates.
103. Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata
Strangely, only at Pelling.
104. Red-throated (Taiga) Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla 
Sukna and Gorumara Jungle Camp.
105. Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassina 
On the road in Sikkim and at Gorumara.
106. Rufous-bellied Niltava Niltava sundara 
Pair on the road from Biksthang to Kalimpong.
107. Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis 
Gorumara area.
108. Orange-flanked Bush Robin Tarsiger cyanurus
Lava area.
109. Golden Bush Robin Tarsiger cyanurus
Striking male on the road to Sanga Chelling, Pelling.
110. Oriental Magpie Robin Copsychus saularis 
Only seen in the Gorumara area. 
111. White-rumped Shama
Single female at Gorumara National Park 
112. Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros rufiventris
A few at Rishyap, Lava.
113. Blue-fronted Redstart Phoenicurus frontalis
Common at higher elevations.

© Sumit K Sen 2004

114. White-capped Water Redstart Phoenicurus leucocephalus 
At Sukna and near most streams.
115. Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus
At most streams and waterfalls.

© Sumit K Sen 2004

116. Little Forktail * Enicurus scouleri
At the same place as the Crested Kingfisher near Biksthang.

© Sumit K Sen 2004

117. Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus
On a couple of streams while in Sikkim.
118. Spotted Forktail Enicurus maculatus
A brief glimpse at Gorumara. Same species seen well at the same site on earlier visits.
119. Siberian Stonechat Saxicola torquata
On the road near Biksthang, Sikkim.
120. Grey Bushchat Saxicola ferrea
In Sikkim and Rishyap.
121. Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnus malabaricus 
Gorumara area.
122. Asian Pied Starling Sturnus contra 
Lowland areas. 
123. Common Myna Acridotheres tristis 
Lowlands and Biksthang.
124. Hill Myna Gracula religiosa 
Sukna, Lava and Gorumara area. 
125. Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch Sitta castanea 
Sukna and Gorumara. 
126. White-tailed Nuthatch Sitta himalayensis 
Pemayangtse and Rishyap.
127. Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis 
Gorumara area.
128. Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus 
129. Yellow-cheeked Tit * Parus spilonotus
At Pemayangtse and Lava.

© Sudhir Shivaram

130. Black-throated Tit Aegithalos concinnus
On Algarah Road.
131. Sand Martin Riparia riparia
Small flock at Phulbari Barrage.
132. Nepal House Martin Delichon nipalensis
At Biksthang and at various places over the river Teesta.
133. Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus
Rishyap and Lava.
134. Black-crested Bulbul Pycnonotus melanicterus
Sukna and  Gorumara area.

© Sumit K Sen 2004

135. Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys 
Pelling and on the road.
136. Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus
Only at Gorumara, where common.
137. Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer 
At Pelling,  Biksthang, Gorumara National Park and a surprising 2700m sighting at Rishyap.
138. Mountain Bulbul Hypsipetes mcclellandii
Large flocks seen at Rishyap and Lava area.
139. Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus
Very common in the hills. Unusual sight of a flock of 400-500 wheeling over Algarah Road at dawn.
140. Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus
Roadside view, Sikkim.
141. Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius 
Sukna, Biksthang and Gorumara.
142. Buff-barred Warbler Phylloscopus pulcher
Single at Biksthang
143. Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis
At Biksthang
144. Hume's Warbler Phylloscopus humei 
Relatively common in the hills.
145. Greenish Warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides 
At Sukna and Pemayangtse area.
146. Grey-hooded Warbler Seicercus xanthoschistos 
Common at Pelling and Lava.
147. Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys
Lava area.
148. Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps
Lava area.
149. Blue-winged Laughingthrush Garrulax squamatus
Algarah Road
150. Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush Garrulax erythrocephalus
At Rishyap and Algarah Road, Lava.
151. Puff-throated Babbler Pellorneum ruficeps
Pair at Rishyap.
152. Rusty-cheeked Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus erythrogenys
A pair seen well at Rishyap.

© Sumit K Sen 2004

153. Striped Tit Babbler Macronous gularis
On the road in Sikkim.
154. Jungle Babbler Turdoides striatus
Gorumara Jungle Camp.
155. Silver-eared Mesia Leiothrix argentauris
Pair seen well at Chapramari. Very few records from the area.
156. Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea
Pelling, Rishyap and Lava area.
157. White-browed Shrike Babbler Pteruthius flaviscapis
One male on the road from Biksthang to Kalimpong.
158. Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni
At Pelling, Rishyap and Lava. Seen in flocks numbering 7-10.

© Sumit K Sen 2004

159. Hoary-throated Barwing Actinodura nipalensis
Only at Lava.
160. Chestnut-tailed Minla Minla strigula 
Common in the hills. Seen everyday.
161. Red-tailed Minla Minla ignotincta 
On the road and at Biksthang.
162. Blue-winged Minla Minla cyanouroptera
Only one confirmed sighting in a mixed flock on the road in Sikkim.
163. Rufous-winged Fulvetta Alcippe castaneceps 
Common at Pelling where a flock of 60-70 seen. Also noted on Algarah road.

© Sumit K Sen 2004

164. Nepal Fulvetta Alcippe nipalensis 
Only at Pelling. 
165. Whiskered Yuhina Yuhina flavicollis 
166. Stripe-throated Yuhina Yuhina gularis 
Surprisingly common at Pelling , Rishyap and Lava.
167. Rufous-vented Yuhina Yuhina occipitalis
In good numbers at Rishyap and the Lava area.
168. Rufous Sibia Heterophasia capistrata 
All over the place in the hills. Most commonly seen bird on the trip.
169. Fire-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus
Pelling and Lava area.
170. Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker Dicaeum cruentatum
Stunning male at  Gorumara National park and a female at the Jungle Camp.

© Sumit K Sen 2004

171. Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis 
Common in the hills.

© Sumit K Sen 2004

172. Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja
One on the road in Sikkim and a few on Mahakal trail, Gorumara.
173. House Sparrow Passer domesticus 
On the road and at Bliss Resort, Biksthang.
174. Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 
Fairly common near habitation
175. White Wagtail Motacilla alba
Sukna and Phulbari Barrage.
176. White-browed Wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis
Singles on the Mahanada River, Sukna.
177. Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
A few individuals near streams while driving through Sikkim.
178. Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni 
Common. Pelling and Lava area.
179. Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella rubeculoides
Seen at Pelling. Very common at Rishyap where more than 20 seen.

© Sumit K Sen 2004

180. Maroon-backed Accentor Prunella immaculata (?)
Possibly this species in a small flock flushed on Algarah Road.
181. Yellow-breasted Greenfinch Carduelis spinoides
Large flocks at Pelling.
182. Dark-breasted Rosefinch Carpodacus nipalensis
Striking male at Rishyap.
183. Dark-rumped Rosefinch Carpodacus edwardsii
Pemayangtse area.
184. Crimson-browed Finch # Propyrrhula subhimachala
One female behind the Pemayangtse monastery.

© Ramki 2004

185. Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla

Additions from subsequent image identification:

186. Short-billed Minivet Pericrocotus brevirostris
Gorumara. Flock originally ID'd as Scarlet Minivet.
187. Black-eared Shrike Babbler Pteruthius melanotis
Lava area
188. Fire-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga ignicauda
Single eclipse male at Biksthang
189. Spot-winged Rosefinch # Carpodacus rodopeplus
Female photographed at Rishyap.

© Ramki 2004

List of Mammals
1. Rhesus Macaque Macaca mulatta
Gorumara National park.
2. Assamese Macaque Macaca assamenis
On the Sevok Road, Teesta River.
3. Gaur Bos gaurus
Gorumara National Park.
4. Wild Pig Sus scorfa
Gorumara National Park.
5. Asian Elephant Elephas maximus
Eight near Gorumara Jungle Camp.
6. Greater One-horned Rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis
A total of seven seen well at Gorumara National Park
7. Jungle Cat Felis chaus
Road kill, Gorumara area
8. Yellow-throated Marten Martes flavigula (?)
Possibly this species at Lava.
9. Malayan Giant Squirrel Ratufa bicolor
Gorumara National Park.
10. Hoary-bellied Himalayan Squirrel Callosciurus pygerythrus
Lava and Pelling area.
11. Orange-bellied Himalayan Squirrel Dremomys lokriah

(* marked images by Sudhir Shivaram) and # by Ramki

[1] Birds of the Indian Subcontinent; Richard Grimmett, Carol Inskipp & Tim 
Inskipp; Christopher Helm; 1998. 
[2] A Field Guide to the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent; Krys Kazmierczak & Ber 
van Perlo; Pica Press; 2000; 
[3] A Birdwatchers' Guide to India; Krys Kazmierczak & Raj Singh; Birdwatchers' 
Guides, Oxford University Press
[4] Birds of South-east Asia ~ Craig Robson; New Holland 
[5] Handbook of the Birds of the India and Pakistan; Ali & Ripley; OUP
[6] Birds of the Eastern Himalayas;  Salim Ali 
[7] Oriental Bird Images Gallery - OBC

Kolkata, India December 2004. 
© Sumit K Sen 2004 

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