Ladakh
Checklist of Birds

~ presented by Birds of India

by Otto Pfister


"This updated checklist - extracted from the 'Birds and Mammals of Ladakh' - is the result of extensive literature research and my own observation and data collection during various trips into the remote areas of the Ladakh region. By no means the list claims to be complete. Any comments, feed-back and amendments are welcome, they will all help to improve and up-date the list" ~ Otto Pfister, January 2003

GALLIFORMES

Phasianidae

Snow Partridge Lerwa lerwa *

Himalayan Snowcock Tetraogallus himalayensis

Tibetan Snowcock Tetraogallus tibetanus

Chukar Alectoris chukar

Tibetan Partridge Perdix hodgsoniae

Common Quail Coturnix coturnix

Rain Quail Coturnix coromandelica *

ANSERIFORMES

Anatidae

Greylag Goose Anser anser

Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus

Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea

Gadwall Anas strepera

Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos

Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata

Northern Pintail Anas acuta

Garganey Anas querquedula

Common Teal Anas crecca

Red-crested Pochard Rhodonessa rufina

Common Pochard Aythya ferina

Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca

Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula

Common Merganser Mergus merganser

PICIFORMES

Picidae

Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla

Scaly-bellied Woodpecker Picus squamatus

UPUPIFORMES

Upupidae

Common Hoopoe Upupa epops

CORACIIFORMES

Coraciidae

European Roller Coracias garrulus

Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis *

Alcedinidae

Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis

Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eater Merops persicus

European Bee-eater Merops apiaster

CUCULIFORMES

Cuculidae

Pied Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus

Eurasian Cuckoo Cuculus canorus

Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopacea

APODIFORMES

Apodidae

Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba

Common Swift Apus apus

Fork-tailed Swift Apus pacificus

House Swift Apus affinis

STRIGIFORMES

Strigidae

Pallid Scops Owl Otus brucei

Eurasian Eagle Owl Bubo bubo

Little Owl Athene noctua

Long-eared Owl Asio otus

Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus

Caprimulgidae

Eurasian Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus

COLUMBIFORMES

Columbidae

Rock Pigeon Columba livia

Hill Pigeon Columba rupestris

Snow Pigeon Columba leuconota

Yellow-eyed Pigeon Columba eversmanni *

European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur

Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis

Laughing Dove Streptopelia senegalensis

Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis *

Red Collared Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica

Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto

GRUIFORMES

Gruidae

Siberian Crane Grus leucogeranus *

Demoiselle Crane Antrapoides virgo

Black-necked Crane Grus nigricollis

Rallidae

Water Rail Rallus aquaticus

Corn Crake Crex crex

Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla

Spotted Crake Porzana porzana

Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus

Common Coot Fulica atra

CICONIIFORMES

Pteroclidae

Tibetan Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes tibetanus

Scolopacidae

Solitary Snipe Gallinago solitaria

Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura

Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago

Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa

Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus

Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata

Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus

Common Redshank Tringa totanus

Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis

Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia

Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus

Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola

Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos

Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres

Little Stint Calidris minuta

Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii

Dunlin Calidris alpina

Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea

Ruff Philomachus pugnax

Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus

Jacanidae

Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus

Charadriidae

Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii

Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus

Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta

Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva

Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola

Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula

Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius

Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus

Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus

Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii *

Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus

Glareolidae

Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola

Laridae

Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus

Heuglin's Gull Larus heuglini *

Pallas's Gull Larus ichthyaetus

Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus

Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus

Little Gull Larus minutus

Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica

River Tern Sterna aurantia

Common Tern Sterna hirundo

Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea *

Little Tern Sterna albifrons

Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus

White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus

Accipitridae

Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Oriental Honey-Buzzard Pernis ptilorhyncus

Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus

Red Kite Milvus milvus

Black Kite Milvus migrans

Pallas's Fish Eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus

Lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus

Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus

Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis

Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus

Short-toed Snake Eagle Circaetus gallicus

Eurasian Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus

Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus

Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus

Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus

Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus

Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis

Upland Buzzard Buteo hemilasius

Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus

Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga

Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis

Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos

Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus

Falconidae

Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus

Merlin Falco columbarius

Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

Saker Falcon Falco cherrug

Podicipedidae

Little Grebe Tachybatus ruficollis

Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus

Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis

Phalacrocoracidae

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo

Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger

Ardeidae

Little Egret Egretta garzetta

Grey Heron Ardea cinerea

Great Egret Casmerodius albus

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis

Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii

Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax

Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus

Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris

Threskiornithidae

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus

Ciconiidae

Black Stork Ciconia nigra

PASSERIFORMES

Laniidae

Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio

Rufous-tailed Shrike Lanius isabellinus

Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach

Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus

Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor

Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis

Corvidae

Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius *

Black-headed Jay Garrulus lanceolatus *

Yellow-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa flavirostris *

Black-billed Magpie Pica pica

Hume's Groundpecker Pseudopodoces humilis

Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax

Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus

Eurasian Jackdaw Corvus monedula

House Crow Corvus splendens

Carrion Crow Corvus corone

Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos

Common Raven Corvus corax

Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus

Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus

Cinclidae

White-throated Dipper Cinclus cinclus

Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii

Muscicapidae

Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis

Blue Rock Trush Monticola solitarius

Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus

Tickell's Thrush Turdus unicolor

Eurasian Blackbird Turdus merula

Dark-throated Thrush Turdus ruficollis

Dusky Thrush Turdus naumanni

Song Thrush Turdus philomelos

Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata

Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica

Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica *

Rusty-tailed Flycatcher Muscicapa ruficauda

Red-throated Flycatcher Ficedula parva

White-tailed Rubythroat Luscinia pectoralis

Bluethroat Luscinia svecica

Orange-flanked Bush Robin Tarsiger cyanurus

Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin Cercotrichas galactotes

Rufous-backed Redstart Phoenicurus erythronota

Blue-capped Redstart Phoenicurus coeruleocephalus

Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros

Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus

Hodgson's Redstart Phoenicurus hodgsoni *

White-winged Redstart Phoenicurus erythrogaster

Blue-fronted Redstart Phoenicurus frontalis

White-capped Water Redstart Chaimarrornis leucocephalus

Grandala Grandala coelicolor ?

Little Forktail Enicurus scouleri

Common Stonechat Saxicola torquata

Hume's Wheatear Oenanthe alboniger *

Variable Wheatear Oenanthe picata

Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka

Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti

Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina

Sturnidae

Brahminy Starling

Sturnus pagodarum

Rosy Starling Sturnus roseus

Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris

Sittidae

Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria

Bar-tailed Treecreeper Certhia himalayana

Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes

Paridae

White-crowned Penduline Tit Remiz coronatus

Fire-capped Tit Cephalopyrus flammiceps

Rufous-naped Tit Parus rufonuchalis

Great Tit Parus major

Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus

Hirundinidae

Sand Martin Riparia riparia

Plain Martin Riparia paludicola

Eurasian Crag Martin Hirundo rupestris

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica

Wire-tailed Swallow Hirundo smithii

Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica

Northern House Martin Delichon urbica

Asian House Martin Delichon dasypus ?

Regulidae

Goldcrest Regulus regulus

Sylviidae

Long-billed Bush Warbler Bradypterus major

Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus

Black-browed Reed Warbler Acrocephalus bistrigiceps

Paddyfield Warbler Acrocephalus agricola

Blyth's Reed Warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum

Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus

White-browed Tit-Warbler Leptopoecile sophiae

Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita

Mountain Chiffchaff Phylloscopus sindianus

Plain Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus neglectus *

Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus

Tickell's Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus affinis

Sulphur-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus

Buff-barred Warbler Phylloscopus pulcher ?

Hume's Warbler Phylloscopus humei

Greenish Warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides

Large-billed Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus magnirostris

Tytler's Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus tytleri *

Western Crowned Warbler Phylloscopus occipitalis ?

Streaked Laughingthrush Garrulax lineatus *

Variegated Laughingthrush Garrulax variegatus *

Garden Warbler Sylvia borin

Greater Whitethroat Sylvia communis

Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca

Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria

Alaudidae

Bimaculated Lark Melanocorypha bimaculata

Tibetan Lark Melanocorypha maxima

Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla

Hume's Short-toed Lark Calandrella acutirostris

Asian Short-toed Lark Calandrella cheleensis *

Crested Lark Galerida cristata

Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula

Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris

Passerinae

House Sparrow Passer domesticus

Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis

Tibetan Snowfinch Montifringilla adamsi

White-rumped Snowfinch Pyrgilauda taczanowskii

Plain-backed Snowfinch Pyrgilauda blanfordi

Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus

White Wagtail Motacilla alba

Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola

Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava

Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea

Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis

Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni *

Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus

Rosy Pipit Anthus roseatus

Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta

Siberian Accentor Prunella montanella

Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris

Altai Accentor Prunella himalayana

Robin Accentor Prunella rubeculoides

Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata

Brown Accentor Prunella fulvescens

Black-throated Accentor Prunella atrogularis

Fringillidae

Brambling Fringilla montifringilla

Fire-fronted Serin Serinus pusillus

European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis

Twite Carduelis flavirostris

Eurasian Linnet Carduelis cannabina

Plain Mountain Finch Leucosticte nemoricola

Brandt's Mountain Finch Leucosticte brandti

Crimson-winged Finch Rhodopechys sanguinea *

Mongolian Finch Bucanetes mongolicus

Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus

Red-mantled Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodochlamys

White-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus thura

Streaked Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilloides

Great Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilla

Red-fronted Rosefinch Carpodacus puniceus

Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella

Pine Bunting Emberiza leucocephalos

Rock Bunting Emberiza cia

Grey-necked Bunting Emberiza buchanani *

Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana

Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla

Chestnut Bunting Emberiza rutila *

Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps

Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus


* = no records / observation after 1960 in Ladakh

? = recent appearance / species ID needs confirmation


© Otto Pfister; January 2003
email:
otto_pfister_at_hotmail.com

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