MANAS NATIONAL PARK
Checklist of Birds

~ presented by Birds of India

Annotated by Sumit K Sen


Manas National Park is an important birding area supporting populations of some rare and endangered species. This is a preliminary attempt to compile a checklist of the birds of the Park and provide a start point for updates and corrections. 

This checklist of 383 species is restricted to the Indian Manas National Park and does not include birds from the higher elevation Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan. Manas Park in India covers the Himalayan foothills where the maximum elevation is restricted to 180m over msl. The mountains in the Bhutan side rise quickly to 4000m, and this provides a completely different habitat for bird species. As little is known about the birds occurring on the Bhutan side aside from the limited area covered from the India on day treks, it is considered best to restrict the checklist to Manas National Park in India for sake of accuracy.


Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus
Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis
Rain Quail Coturnix coromandelica
Blue-breasted Quail Coturnix chinensis
Manipur Bush Quail Perdicula manipurensis
Small Buttonquail Turnix sylvatica
Barred Buttonquail Turnix suscitator
Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus
Kalij Pheasant Lophura leucomelanos
Grey Peacock Pheasant Polyplectron bicalcaratum
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus
Lesser Whistling-duck Dendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata ? (reported by locals)
Cotton Pygmy-goose Nettapus coromandelianus
Gadwall Anas strepera
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Common Teal Anas crecca
Red-crested Pochard Rhodonessa rufina
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Common Merganser Mergus merganser
Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla
Speckled Piculet Picumnus innominatus
Rufous Woodpecker Celeus brachyurus
Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus
Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos macei
Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus
Greater Yellownape Picus flavinucha
Streak-throated Woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus
Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus
Himalayan Flameback Dinopium shorii
Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense
Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus
Great Barbet Megalaima virens
Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata
Blue-throated Barbet Megalaima asiatica
Blue-eared Barbet Megalaima
australis
Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala
Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris
Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis
Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis
Wreathed Hornbill Aceros undulatus
Common Hoopoe Upupa epops
Red-headed Trogon Harpactes erythrocephalus
Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis
Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
Stork-billed Kingfisher Halcyon capensis
Ruddy Kingfisher Halcyon coromanda
White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis
Crested Kingfisher Megaceryle lugubris
Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis
Blue-bearded Bee-eater Nyctyornis athertoni
Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis
Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus
Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaulti
Pied Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus
Chestnut-winged Cuckoo Clamator coromandus
Large Hawk Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides
Common Hawk Cuckoo Hierococcyx varius
Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus
Eurasian Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus
Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii
Grey-bellied Cuckoo Cacomantis passerinus 
Plaintive Cuckoo Cacomantis merulinus
Violet Cuckoo Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
Drongo Cuckoo Surniculus lugubris
Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopacea
Green-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus tristis
Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis
Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis
Vernal Hanging Parrot Loriculus vernalis
Alexandrine Parakeet Psittacula eupatria
Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri
Slaty-headed Parakeet Psittacula himalayana
Red-breasted Parakeet Psittacula alexandri
Himalayan Swiftlet Collocalia brevirostris
White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus
Asian Palm Swift Cypsiurus balasiensis
Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba
Fork-tailed Swift Apus pacificus
House Swift Apus affinis
Crested Treeswift Hemiprocne coronata
Barn Owl Tyto alba
Grass Owl Tyto capensis
Mountain Scops Owl Otus spilocephalus
Rock Eagle Owl Bubo bengalensis
Spot-bellied Eagle Owl Bubo nipalensis
Brown Fish Owl Ketupa zeylonensis
Tawny Fish Owl Ketupa flavipes
Asian Barred Owlet Glaucidium cuculoides
Jungle Owlet Glaucidium radiatum ?
Spotted Owlet Athene brama
Brown Hawk Owl Ninox scutulata
Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus indicus
Large-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus
Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis
Rock Pigeon Columba livia
Pale-capped Pigeon Columba punicea
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis
Red Collared Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica
Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Barred Cuckoo Dove Macropygia unchall #
Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica
Orange-breasted Green Pigeon Treron bicincta
Pompadour Green Pigeon Treron pompadora
Thick-billed Green Pigeon Treron curvirostra
Yellow-footed Green Pigeon Treron phoenicoptera
Pin-tailed Green Pigeon Treron apicauda
Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon Treron sphenura
Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea
Mountain Imperial Pigeon Ducula badia
Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis
Water Rail Rallus aquaticus
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Black-tailed Crake Porzana bicolor
Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana
fusca
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Common Redshank Tringa totanus
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii
Greater Painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
Eurasian Thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus
Great Thick-knee Esacus recurvirostris
Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Long-billed Plover Charadrius placidus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus

River Lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii
Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
River Tern Sterna aurantia
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Black Baza Aviceda leuphotes
Oriental Honey-buzzard Pernis ptilorhyncus
Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus
Black Kite Milvus migrans
Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus
Pallas's Fish Eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus
Lesser Fish Eagle Ichthyophaga humilis
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenvirostris
Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus
Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela
Eurasian Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus
Shikra Accipiter badius
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo
Black Eagle Ictinaetus malayensis
Greater Spotted Eagle W Aquila clanga
Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis
Rufous-bellied Eagle Hieraaetus kienerii
Changeable Hawk Eagle Spizaetus cirrhatus
Mountain Hawk Eagle Spizaetus nipalensis
Collared Falconet Microhierax caerulescens
Pied Falconet Microhierax melanoleucus ?
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Oriental Hobby Falco severus
Laggar Falcon Falco jugger
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Great Egret Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Little Heron Butorides striatus
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Black Bittern Dupetor flavicollis
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Black Stork Ciconia nigra
Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus
Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius
Blue-naped Pitta Pitta nipalensis
Blue Pitta Pitta cyanea
Hooded Pitta Pitta sordida
Indian Pitta Pitta brachyura
Silver-breasted Broadbill Serilophus lunatus
Long-tailed Broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae
Asian Fairy Bluebird Irena puella
Golden-fronted Leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach
Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus
Common Green Magpie Cissa chinensis
Rufous Treepie Dendrocitta vagabunda
Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae
House Crow Corvus splendens
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos
Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus
Slender-billed Oriole Oriolus tenuirostris
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis
Black-hooded Oriole Oriolus xanthornus
Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii
Large Cuckooshrike Coracina macei
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos
Rosy Minivet Pericrocotus roseus
Long-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus
Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus
Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus
Crow-billed Drongo Dicrurus annectans
Bronzed Drongo Dicrurus aeneus
Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus remifer
Spangled Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus
Greater Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus
Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea
Common Iora Aegithina tiphia
Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis gularis
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus
Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus
Orange-headed Thrush Zoothera citrina
Scaly Thrush Zoothera dauma
Long-billed Thrush Zoothera monticola #
Tickell's Thrush Turdus unicolor
Grey-winged Blackbird Turdus boulboul
Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus
Dark-throated Thrush Turdus ruficollis
Ferruginous Flycatcher Muscicapa ferruginea
Slaty-backed Flycatcher Ficedula hodgsonii
Red-throated Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla
Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra
Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni
Slaty-blue Flycatcher Ficedula tricolor
Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassina
Small Niltava Niltava macgrigoriae
Rufous-bellied Niltava Niltava sundara
Pale-chinned Flycatcher Cyornis poliogenys
Pale Blue Flycatcher Cyornis unicolor
Blue-throated Flycatcher Cyornis rubeculoides
Pygmy Blue Flycatcher Muscicapella hodgsoni
Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis
Siberian Rubythroat Luscinia calliope
White-tailed Rubythroat Luscinia pectoralis
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
Oriental Magpie Robin Copsychus saularis
White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Hodgson's Redstart Phoenicurus hodgsoni
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus
White-capped Water Redstart Chaimarrornis leucocephalus
Plumbeous Water Redstart Rhyacornis fuliginosus
Black-backed Forktail Enicurus immaculatus
Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus
Hodgson's Bushchat Saxicola insignis
Common Stonechat Saxicola torquata
Jerdon's Bushchat Saxicola jerdoni
Grey Bushchat Saxicola ferrea
Spot-winged Starling Saroglossa spiloptera
Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnus malabaricus
Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris
Asian Pied Starling Sturnus contra
Common Myna Acridotheres tristis
Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus
White-Vented Myna Acridotheres cinereus
Common Hill Myna Gracula religiosa
Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch Sitta castanea
Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria 
Great Tit Parus major
Sultan Tit Melanochlora sultanea
Sand Martin Riparia riparia
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Wire-tailed Swallow Hirundo smithii
Nepal House Martin Delichon nipalensis
Black-crested Bulbul Pycnonotus melanicterus 
Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus
Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer
White-throated Bulbul Alophoixus flaveolus
Mountain Bulbul Hypsipetes mcclellandii
Ashy Bulbul Hemixos flavala
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis
Bright-headed Cisticola Cisticola exilis
Rufous-vented Prinia Prinia burnesii
Grey-crowned Prinia Prinia cinereocapilla
Grey-breasted Prinia Prinia hodgsonii
Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata
Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus
Pale-footed Bush Warbler Cettia pallidipes
Blunt-winged Warbler Acrocephalus concinens
Blyth's Reed Warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum
Clamorous Reed Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus
Thick-billed Warbler Acrocephalus aedon
Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius
Tickell's Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus affinis
Hume's Warbler Phylloscopus humei
Greenish Warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides
Large-billed Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus magnirostris
Blyth's Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus reguloides
Yellow-vented Warbler Phylloscopus cantator
Grey-hooded Warbler Seicercus xanthoschistos
Chestnut-crowned Warbler Seicercus castaniceps
Yellow-bellied Warbler Abroscopus superciliaris
Striated Grassbird Megalurus palustris
Rufous-rumped Grassbird Graminicola bengalensis
Bristled Grassbird Chaetornis striatus
White-crested Laughingthrush Garrulax leucolophus
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax pectoralis
Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus
Rufous-necked Laughingthrush Garrulax ruficollis
Abbott's Babbler Malacocincla abbotti
Puff-throated Babbler Pellorneum ruficeps
Marsh Babbler Pellorneum palustre
White-browed Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus schisticeps
Grey-throated Babbler Stachyris nigriceps
Striped Tit Babbler Macronous gularis
Chestnut-capped Babbler Timalia pileata
Yellow-eyed Babbler Chrysomma sinense
Jerdon's Babbler Chrysomma altirostre
Striated Babbler Turdoides earlei
Slender-billed Babbler Turdoides longirostris
Jungle Babbler Turdoides striatus
Red-tailed Minla Minla ignotincta
Black-breasted Parrotbill Paradoxornis flavirostris
Bengal Bushlark Mirafra assamica
Thick-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum agile
Yellow-vented Flowerpecker Dicaeum chrysorrheum
Pale-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrorhynchos
Plain Flowerpecker Dicaeum concolor
Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker Dicaeum cruentatum
Ruby-cheeked Sunbird Anthreptes singalensis
Purple Sunbird Nectarinia asiatica
Mrs. Gould's Sunbird Aethopyga gouldiae
Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata
Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja
Streaked Spiderhunter Arachnothera magna
House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Russet Sparrow Passer rutilans
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
White Wagtail Motacilla alba
White-browed Wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis
Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola 
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni
Rosy Pipit Anthus roseatus
Baya Weaver Ploceus philippinus
Finn's Weaver Ploceus megarhynchus
Indian Silverbill Lonchura malabarica
Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata
Black-headed Munia Lonchura malacca
Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus
Crested Bunting Melophus lathami
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata
Chestnut Bunting Emberiza rutila

[Birds in red require confirmation/re-confirmation]


The following higher elevation using species have been reported from Manas. The observations were, perhaps, from the Bhutan side. It is likely that some of these birds may stray down to the Manas area and such records/observations can then included in the main list.

Ashy Wood Pigeon Columba pulchricollis
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica
Spotted Forktail Enicurus maculatus
White-tailed Nuthatch Sitta himalayensis
Yellow-cheeked Tit Parus spilonotus
Black-throated Tit Aegithalos concinnus
Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys
Buff-barred Warbler Phylloscopus pulcher
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis
Lemon-rumped Warbler Phylloscopus chloronotus
Broad-billed Warbler Tickellia hodgsoni
White-throated Laughingthrush Garrulax albogularis
Rufous-vented Laughingthrush Garrulax gularis
Scaly Laughingthrush Garrulax subunicolor
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni
Black-chinned Yuhina Yuhina nigrimenta
Rufous Sibia Heterophasia capistrata 
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis


References and sources:

  • A Field Guide to the Birds of India - Krys Kazmierczak et al

  • A Birdwatchers Guide to India - Krys Kazmierczak et al

  • Checklist of birds recorded by Manoj Nair between 9/4/05 - 17/4/05 (pers. comm.)

  • Trip Report by Mike Waite 11/12/04 - 12/12/04 covering Mothanguri area 

  • Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Vol. I-X) - S. Ali & S. D. Ripley

  • Birdlife International Manas National Park page

  • Manas website

  • Trip report from eastern Manas (Nov 2005) by B. Grewal, S. Chatterjee & S. Sen

  • # - added to the list on 13/4/10

© Sumit K Sen 2009

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