Nameri National Park

 
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© Sumit Sen


Introduction

Nameri National Park is located in the foothills of the Eastern Himalaya in the Sonitpur District of Assam, India. It is one of the richest and most threatened reservoirs of plant and animal life in the world. The Pakhui (Pakke) Sanctuary of Arunachal Pradesh adjoins the Park on its Northeastern side. The Park extends up to east and south west bank of the river Bor Dikorai from interstate boundary at Sijussa to the left bank of Jia Bharali River up to the south bank of Balipara Reserve Forest. 

© Sumit Sen

The area is drained by the Jia Bharali and its tributaries namely the Diji, Dinai, Doigurung, Nameri, Dikorai, Khari etc. The Park covers an area of 200 sq. km. and is augmented by parts of the Balipara Reserve Forests Area, which acts as a 64 sq. km. buffer on the opposite side of the Jia Bharali and 80 sq. kms. of the Nauduar Reserve Forests. The terrain is uneven with altitudes ranging from 80 meters along the river banks to 225 meters in the central and northern parts.

© Sumit SenThe eco-region is part of the North Bank Landscape and is an Eastern Himalayan Mega Biodiversity Hotspot. It is one of the richest areas in the world in terms of Plant Functional Type and Plant Functional Complexity. The area is influenced by the tropical monsoons, which cause rainfall to be seasonal and heavy with an average 3,400 mm of rain falling between May and September.

Vegetation

Most parts of Nameri are covered by 'Moist Mixed, Deciduous Forests' (3C/ 2.S.I.) and over 600 species of plants can be found in the area. Tropical evergreen and Semi-evergreen forests mingle here with the moist deciduous forests while cane and bamboo brakes and narrow strips of open grassland can be found along the many rivers. Key plant species include: Albizzia lucida, Albizzia procera, Amoora wallichii, Artocarpus chaplasha, Baccaurea sapida, Bischofia javanica, Bombax ceiba, Canarium strictum, Castanopsis indica, Cordia dichotoma, Cinnamomum cecicodaphnea, Dendrocalamus hamiltonii, Dillenia indica, Duabanga grandiflora, Duabanga sonneratoides, Dysoxylum procerum, Endospermum chinense, Lagerstroemia flos-reginae, Litsea sebifera, Mesua ferrea, Morus roxburghii, Premna bengalensis, Pseudostachyum polymorphum, Pterospermum acerifolium, Sapium baccatum, Shorea assamica, Sterculia hamiltonii, Syzygium cumini, Terminalia citrina, Terminalia myriocarpa, Trewia nudiflora and Vatica lanceaefolia.

Fauna

Nameri is also extremely rich in faunal resources. Over 30 species of mammals have been recorded here and the Park is an important conservation area for tiger and elephants. 

© Sumit Sen
Capped Langur

Bird life is varied and abundant with nearly 400 species finding their way into an ever-expanding checklist.  

Key birds: Nameri's most important avian residents are the White-winged Ducks. A sizeable population is known to affect the forest pools here and they form an important core of the Indian population of the remaining 150 odd pairs of this highly endangered species.

© Dilip Pandit
Horned Lark - a rare vagrant; Pic: Dilip Pandit

 Other key birds include White-cheeked Partridge, Great, Wreathed, and Rufous-necked Hornbills, Ruddy, Blue-eared, and Oriental Dwarf Kingfishers, Oriental Hobby, Amur Falcon, Jerdon's and Black Baza, Pallas's, Grey-headed, and Lesser Fish Eagles, Silver-backed Needletail, Mountain Imperial Pigeon, Blue-naped Pitta, Slender-billed Oriole, Hill Blue Flycatcher, White-crowned Forktail, Sultan Tit, Black-bellied Tern, Jerdon's Babbler, Rufous-backed Sibia, Yellow-bellied Flowerpecker, Red-throated Pipit, Long-billed Plover and Ibisbill.

© Ramki
White-winged Duck


Best time: November to March

Lat/Lon: 26°50' N to 27°02' N and 92°38' E to 93°00'E

Contact:  
1. The Divisional Forest Officer,
Western Assam Wildlife Division,
Dolabari, P.O. Tezpur,
Sonitpur District, Assam
Tel.- 03712-268054
E-mail: ripman@gwi.vsnl.net.in

2. Range Officer,
Nameri Wildlife Range,
Potasali,
Sonitpur District, Assam
Tel.-03714-270558(O).

© Sumit Sen

How to reach:
Nameri National Park is 35 kms. from Tezpur town on the north bank of the River Brahmaputra in Assam. Tezpur is well connected with Guwahati city about 220 Kms. away. Jorhat town is 215 Kms from Nameri and Kaziranga National Park is just 125 kms. away
Air: The nearest airport is Saloni about 10-km from Tezpur, in Sonitpur district, which is 181-km away from Guwahati.
Rail: The nearest railway station is Rangapara which is 21 km from the Park.
Road: Regular buses ply to and from Tezpur, which is well connected with all the major cities of Assam.

Where to stay:
1. Nameri Eco camp: The Eco-camp is owned by the Assam Bhoroli Angler's Association and is located at Potasali, Torajan Village, P.O. Gamani, Dist.: Sonitpur, Pin- 784103. It offers twin-bedded jungle tents and cottages with attached toilets.
Contact: Camp Director, Eco-camp, Potasali (Nameri Tiger Reserve), Sonitpur district, Assam. Ph: 09854019932, 094351-45563/094352-50025

© Nik
Nameri Eco Camp

2. Other places to stay in: Blue Star Hotel, Jonaki Building, Tezpur, Tel-03712-220682, Oasis Hotel, Jonaki Road, Tezpur, Tel-03712-220724, Hotel Luit, Tezpur, Tel-03712-222083, Hotel Green View, Main Road, Tezpur, Tel-03712-223685, Kanyapur Hotel, Hatibilkhana, Tezpur, Tel-03712-220261.

3. Wild Mahseer Lodge, Balipara, Assam. Tel: +91-3714-234354; Mob:  09435197650; email: wildmahseer@gmail.com. Wild Mahseer is 30 minutes from Nameri and less than two hours from Kaziranga National Park.

4. Help Tourism for complete trip planning and execution

Activities:
1. River-rafting is a popular and pleasant way to see birds like Ibisbill and Long-billed Plover. The rafting usually starts 13 kms. upstream and takes about 3 hours to complete without halts.
2. You can trek in the park with the assistance of an armed forest department guide.
3. The angling camp can organize angling trips in season.

Links and references:
1. The birds of Nameri National Park, Assam, India by Maan Barua & Pankaj Sharma. 
FORKTAIL 21 (2005): pg 15–26

2.
Conservation International's: Ecosystem Profile: Eastern Himalayas Region
3. Wild Mahseer
4. Wildventures pages on Nameri
5.
K. Kazmierczak and R. Singh: A Birdwatchers’ Guide to India, Prion 1998

Sumit K Sen
Kolkata, India
© Sumit K. Sen 2007 2008 2009

 

 

   
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