Sunderbans Biosphere Reserve
Checklist of Birds

~ presented by Birds of India

Compiled by Sumit K Sen


ORDER: GALLIFORMES

Family: Phasianidae

Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis

Common Quail Coturnix coturnix

Rain Quail Coturnix coromandelica

Blue-breasted Quail Coturnix chinensis

Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus

ORDER: ANSERIFORMES

Family: Dendrocygndiae

Lesser Whistling-duck Dendrocygna javanica

Family: Anatidae

Oxyurinae

White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala

Anatinae

Anserini

Greylag Goose Anser anser

Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus

Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea

Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna

Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos

Cotton Pygmy-goose Nettapus coromandelianus

Anatini

Gadwall Anas strepera

Falcated Duck Anas falcata

Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos

Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha

Common Teal Anas crecca

Garganey Anas querquedula

Northern Pintail Anas acuta

Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata

Red-crested Pochard Rhodonessa rufina

Common Pochard Aythya ferina

Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca

Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri

Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula

Greater Scaup Aythya marila

Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator

ORDER: PICIFORMES

Family: Picidae

Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla

Speckled Piculet Picumnus innominatus

Rufous Woodpecker Celeus brachyurus

Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos nanus

Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos macei

Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Dendrocopos mahrattensis

Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus

Streak-throated Woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus

Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus

Common Flameback Dinopium javanense

Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense

Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus

White-naped Woodpecker Chrysocolaptes festivus

Family: Megalaimidae

Brown-headed Barbet Megalaima zeylanica

Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata

Blue-throated Barbet Megalaima asiatica

Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala

ORDER: UPUPIFORMES

Family: Upupidae

Common Hoopoe Upupa epops

ORDER: CORACIIFORMES

Family: Coraciidae

Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis

Dollarbird Eurstomus orientalis

Family: Alcedinidae

Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis

Blue-eared Kingfisher Alcedo meninting

Family: Halcyonidae

Brown-winged Kingfisher Halcyon amauroptera

Stork-billed Kingfisher Halcyon capensis

Ruddy Kingfisher Halcyon coromanda

White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis

Black-capped Kingfisher Halcyon pileata

Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris

Family: Cerylidae

Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis

Family: Meropidae

Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis

Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus

Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaulti

ORDER: CUCULIFORMES

Family: Cuculidae

Pied Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus

Chestnut-winged Cuckoo Clamator coromandus

Common Hawk Cuckoo Hierococcyx varius

Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus

Eurasian Cuckoo Cuculus canorus

Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus

Lesser Cuckoo Cuculus poliocephalus

Grey-bellied Cuckoo Cacomantis passerinus

Plaintive Cuckoo Cacomantis merulinus

Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopacea

Green-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus tristis

Family: Centropodidae

Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis

Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis

ORDER: PSITTACIFORMES

Family: Psittacidae

Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri

ORDER: APODIFORMES

Family: Apodidae

Asian Palm Swift Cypsiurus balasiensis

House Swift Apus affinis

Fork-tailed Swift Apus pacificus

ORDER: STRIGIFORMES

Family: Tytonidae

Barn Owl Tyto alba

Family: Strigidae

Oriental Scops Owl Otus sunia

Indian Scops Owl Otus bakkamoena

Brown Fish Owl Ketupa zeylonensis

Buffy Fish Owl Ketupa ketupu

Spotted Owlet Athene brama

Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus

Family: Caprimulgidae

Large-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus

Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus

Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis

ORDER: COLUMBIFORMES

Family: Columbidae

Rock Pigeon Columba livia

Laughing Dove Streptopelia senegalensis

Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis

Red Collared Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica

Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto

Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica

Orange-breasted Green Pigeon Treron bicincta

Yellow-footed Green Pigeon Treron phoenicoptera

ORDER: GRUIFORMES

Family: Heliornithidae

Masked Finfoot Heliopais personata

Family: Rallidae

Slaty-legged Crake Rallina eurizonoides

Slaty-breasted Rail Gallirallus striatus

Water Rail Rallus aquaticus

White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus

Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla

Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana fusca

Watercock Gallicrex cinerea

Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio

Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus

Common Coot Fulica atra

ORDER: CICONIIFORMES

Family: Scolopacidae

Scolopacinae

Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola

Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola

Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura

Swinhoe's Snipe Gallinago megala

Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago

Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus

Tringinae

Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa

Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica

Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus

Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata

Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus

Common Redshank Tringa totanus

Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis

Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia

Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus

Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola

Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos

Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres

Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus

Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris

Sanderling Calidris alba

Little Stint Calidris minuta

Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis

Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii

Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta

Dunlin Calidris alpina

Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea

Spoon-billed Sandpiper Calidris pygmeus

Broad-billed Sandpiper Calidris falcinellus

Ruff Philomachus pugnax

Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicaria

Family: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis

Family: Jacanidae

Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus

Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus

Family: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus

Great Thick-knee Esacus recurvirostris

Family: Charadriidae

Recurvirostrinae

Haematopodini

Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus

Recurvirostrini

Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus

Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta

Charadriinae

Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva

Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola

Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula

Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius

Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus

Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus

Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii

River Lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii

Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus

Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus

White-tailed Lapwing Vanellus leucurus

Family: Glareolidae

Glareolinae

Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum

Small Pratincole Glareola lactea

Family: Laridae

Larinae

Larini

Heuglin's Gull Larus heuglini

Pallas's Gull Larus ichthyaetus

Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus

Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus

Sternini

Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica

Caspian Tern Sterna caspia

River Tern Sterna aurantia

Lesser Crested Tern Sterna bengalensis

Great Crested Tern Sterna bergii

Common Tern Sterna hirundo

Little Tern Sterna albifrons

Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus

White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus

Black Noddy Anous minutus

Family: Accipitridae

Pandioninae

Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Accipitrinae

Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus

Black Kite Milvus migrans

Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus

White-bellied Sea Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster

Pallas's Fish Eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus

Grey-headed Fish Eagle Haliaeetus ichthyaetus

White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis

Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris

Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus

Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela

Eurasian Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus

Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos

Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus

Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus

Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus

Shikra Accipiter badius

Oriental Honey-Buzzard Pernis ptilorhyncus

Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga

Indian Spotted Eagle Pomarina hastata

Bonelli's Eagle Hieraaetus fasciatus ?

Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus

Changeable Hawk  Eagle Spizaetus cirrhatus

Family: Falconidae

Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus

Red-necked Falcon Falco chicquera

Amur Falcon Falco amurensis

Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo

Oriental Hobby Falco severus

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

Family: Podicipedidae

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis

Family: Anhingidae

Darter Anhinga melanogaster

Family: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger

Indian Cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscicollis

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo

Family: Ardeidae

Little Egret Egretta garzetta

Great Egret Casmerodius albus

Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis

Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii

Grey Heron Ardea cinerea

Goliath Heron Ardea goliath

Purple Heron Ardea purpurea

Little Heron Butorides striatus

Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax

Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis

Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus

Black Bittern Dupetor flavicollis

Family: Threskiornithidae

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus

Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus

Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia

Family: Pelecanidae

Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus

Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis

Family: Ciconiidae

Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala

Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans

Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus

Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus

Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus

Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius

Family: Fregatidae

Great Frigatebird Fregata minor

Family: Procellariidae

Hydrobatinae

Wilson's Storm-petrel Oceanites oceanicus

ORDER: PASSERIFORMES

Family: Pittidae

Indian Pitta Pitta brachyura

Mangrove Pitta Pitta megarhyncha

Family: Irenidae

Golden-fronted Leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons

Family: Laniidae

Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus

Bay-backed Shrike Lanius vittatus

Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach tricolor

Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus

Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis

Family: Corvidae

Pachycephalinae

Mangrove Whistler Pachycephala grisola

Corvinae

Corvini

Rufous Treepie Dendrocitta vagabunda

House Crow Corvus splendens

Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos

Artamini

Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus

Oriolini

Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus

Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis

Black-hooded Oriole Oriolus xanthornus

Large Cuckooshrike Coracina macei

Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos

Black-headed Cuckooshrike Coracina melanoptera

Rosy Minivet Pericrocotus roseus

Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus

Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus

Dicrurinae

Rhipidurini

White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis

Dicrurini

Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus

Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucocephalus

White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens

Bronzed Drongo Dicrurus aeneus

Spangled Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus

Greater Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus

Monarchini

Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea

Asian Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi

Aegithininae

Common Iora Aegithina tiphia

Family: Muscicapidae

Turdinae

Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius

Orange-headed Thrush Zoothera citrina

Scaly Thrush Zoothera dauma

Tickell's Thrush Turdus unicolor

Muscicapinae

Muscicapini

Red-throated Flycatcher Ficedula parva

Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni

Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassina

Pale-chinned Flycatcher Cyornis unicolor

Blue-throated Flycatcher Cyornis rubeculoides

Tickell's Blue Flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae

Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis

Saxicolini

Siberian Rubythroat Luscinia calliope

Bluethroat Luscinia svecica

Oriental Magpie Robin Copsychus saularis

Indian Robin Saxicoloides fulicata

Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros

Siberian Stonechat Saxicola torquata

White-tailed Stonechat Saxicola leucura

Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata

Family: Sturnidae

Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnus malabaricus

Brahminy Starling Sturnus pagodarum

Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris

Asian Pied Starling Sturnus contra

Common Myna Acridotheres tristis

Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus

Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus

Family: Sittidae

Sittinae

Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch Sitta castanea

Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis

Family: Paridae

Parinae

Great Tit Parus major

Family: Hirundinidae

Hirundininae

Sand Martin Riparia riparia

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica

Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica

Streak-throated Swallow Hirundo fluvicola

Family: Pycnonotidae

Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus

Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer

Family: Cisticolidae

Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis

Grey-breasted Prinia Prinia hodgsonii

Yellow-bellied Prinia Prinia flaviventris

Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis

Plain Prinia Prinia inornata

Family: Zosteropidae

Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus

Family: Sylviidae

Acrocephalinae

Rusty-rumped Warbler Locustella certhiola

Blyth's Reed Warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum

Large-billed Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orinus

Clamorous Reed Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus

Thick-billed Warbler Acrocephalus aedon

Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius

Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita

Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus

Tickell's Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus affinis

Lemon-rumped Warbler Phylloscopus chloronotus

Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus

Hume's Warbler Phylloscopus humei

Greenish Warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides

Large-billed Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus magnirostris

Blyth's Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus reguloides

Golden-spectacled Warbler Seicercus burkii

Megalurinae

Striated Grassbird Megalurus palustris

Sylviinae

Timaliini

Puff-throated Babbler Pellorneum ruficeps

White-browed Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus schisticeps

Striped Tit-Babbler Macronous gularis

Chestnut-capped Babbler Timalia pileata

Yellow-eyed Babbler Chrysomma sinense

Striated Babbler Turdoides earlei

Jungle Babbler Turdoides striatus

Family: Alaudidae

Bengal Bushlark Mirafra assamica

Ashy-crowned Sparrow Lark Eremopterix nigriceps

Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula

Family: Nectariniidae

Nectariniinae

Dicaeini

Thick-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum agile

Orange-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum trigonostigma

Pale-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrorynchos

Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker Dicaeum cruentatum

Nectariniini

Purple-rumped Sunbird Nectarinia zeylonica

Purple Sunbird Nectarinia asiatica

Loten's Sunbird Nectarinia lotenia

Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja

Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra

Family:Passeridae

Passerinae

House Sparrow Passer domesticus

Motacillinae

Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus

White Wagtail Motacilla alba

Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola

Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava

Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea

Richard's Pipit Anthus richardi

Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus

Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris

Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis

Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni

Ploceinae

Black-breasted Weaver Ploceus benghalensis

Streaked Weaver Ploceus manyar

Baya Weaver Ploceus philippinus

Finn's Weaver Ploceus megarhynchus

Estrildinae

Red Avadavat Amandava amandava

Indian Silverbill Lonchura malabarica

Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata

Black-headed Munia Lonchura malacca

Family: Fringillidae

Fringillinae

Carduelini

Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus

Emberizinae

Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata


Notes:

1. Taxonomy, nomenclature and sequence follow An Annotated Checklist of the Birds of the Oriental Region by Tim Inskipp, Nigel Lindsey and William Duckworth ( 1996)

2. The checklist has been prepared based on available literature and observations of several ornithologists. The difficult terrain and long periods of adverse climatic conditions make it difficult to conduct in-depth field studies in the area. As a result the checklist, though comprehensive, is by no means complete. In addition, many of the species listed above are vagrants or considered extirpated from the Sunderbans and visitors may not expect to see all the species listed. 

3. Updated October 2009. Additional feedback from Nikhil Bhopale, Mumbai and K S Ray.

4. Indian Scimitar Babbler corrected to White-browed Scimitar Babbler on 14/9/10.

The author would welcome any new records which can be sent to sumitsen@rediffmail.com

© Sumit K Sen 2009

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