Birds of India

North Bengal and Sikkim
Systematic List of Birds observed
by Mike Prince
6 November - 23 November 2003

The taxonomy, sequence & nomenclature in this report follow Grimmett, Inskipp & Inskipp [1].
Note that where estimates of numbers of birds seen are given, these are largely based on personal observations. Hence the actual numbers seen on the trip by the group is likely to be greater in many instances. In addition, where a species was only seen by one member of the group (which, typically for forest birding, happened on a number of times) this is usually indicated in the text below.

1. Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola
One calling bird heard from the Lava to Algarah road was the only record.
2. Rufous-throated Partridge Arborophila rufogularis
Heard calling from near Pelling and from the Lava to Algarah road.
3. Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus
At least four were heard calling from the Khunia watchtower at Gorumara, with one heard also from the Rhino Observation Point nearby the following day.
4. Kalij Pheasant Lophura leucomelana
Ones or twos recorded from Pemayangtse, Maenam, Rashet and Lava but never seen well enough to determine the subspecies. Likely to have been lathami based on range.
5. Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus
At least ten seen from the Khunia watch tower at Gorumara with a few other sightings in the Gorumara area.
6. Lesser Whistling-duck Dendrocygna javanica
A family party of five were seen on a small pond from the Khunia watch tower at Gorumara.
7. Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Four on the Teesta river at Kalijhora, about five along the river at Gorumara and large numbers (at least 200) at Gazoldoba.
8. Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
A very noteworthy sighting was of seven on the Teesta river at Gazoldoba on 23/11.
9. Gadwall Anas strepera
Seven on the Jaldhaka river at Bindu consisted of three males and four females and coincidentally seven seen on the Teesta river near Kalijhora were also of the same composition. Otherwise it was probably the commonest duck at Gazoldoba with at least 2500 there.
10. Falcated Duck Anas falcata
An excellent sighting of this very rare winter visitor to northern India was of a pair at Gazoldoba. Mike had just picked out two female Garganeys there and passed the scope for Bill to see them, only for a fantastic drake Falcated Duck to be swimming through the view as Bill looked through, immediately obscuring any thoughts of looking at the Garganeys! Very good views were had of both male and female.
11. Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Approximately 40 seen at Gazoldoba.
12. Mallard Anas platyrynchos
Common amongst the ducks at Gazoldoba, an estimate of about 400 being a noteworthy number in India. One lone male was seen on Khecheopari Lake.
13. Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
About 80 seen at Gazoldoba.
14. Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Common at Gazoldoba, although not the dominant duck species there as is often the case further west in north India. Approximately 300 were seen.
15. Northern Pintail Anas acuta
About 200 were at Gazoldoba.
16. Garganey Anas querquedula
Two females were quite a good sighting at Gazoldoba since Garganeys generally winter much further south in India, with relatively few mid-winter records from northern parts.
17. Common Teal Anas crecca
Very common, at least 2000, at Gazoldoba.
18. Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
At least 50 were seen at close range at Gazoldoba.
19. Common Pochard Aythya ferina
About 150 at Gazoldoba.
20. Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca
About 100 were seen at Gazoldoba, making this an important wintering site for this species, classified as ‘near-threatened’ by BirdLife International.
21. Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
The scarcest of the diving ducks at Gazoldoba, although there were still about 80 seen.
22. Common Merganser Mergus merganser
Nine birds were seen on Khecheopari Lake.
23. Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla
One seen from the balcony of the Shivaji Tourist Inn in Bindu flew across the river into Bhutan. It was noted as being especially brown above and therefore was probably of the chinensis subspecies, which is known to be a winter visitor to eastern India [4].
24. Speckled Piculet Picumnus innominatus
One was seen well in a mixed species feeding flock at Karmi Farm.
25. Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus
Two or three seen on both days at Gorumara. The subspecies would have been semicoronatus although no specific note was made of the more extensive red at the sides of the crown.
26. Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus
Two seen at Suntalekhola, one at Khecheopari Lake and one at Rumtek. The latter at least showed a slight orangey tinge to the yellow nape typical of the nominate subspecies, although Ali & Ripley [4] do state that there is a cline between this and the more westerly simlae.
27. Greater Yellownape Picus flavinucha
Singles seen at Suntalekhola, Kalijhora and Sangachoeling.
28. Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus
Singles seen, or more commonly heard, at Sangachoeling, Rabdentse, Khecheopari Lake, Rashet and Lava.
29. Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense
The only sighting was of one at Gorumara.
30. Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus
A calling bird was heard near the Samsing Forest Rest House, one seen on shade trees in a tea plantation between Gorumara and Gazoldoba and three seen on the Mahakal Trail at Gorumara.
31. Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis
Two noisy birds were seen briefly in the forest above Khecheopari Lake. The distinctive bill was not seen, although extensive red on the back of head of the male confirms this species and not Rufous Woodpecker. The black barring on brown plumage was quite similar to a hepatic female cuckoo.
32. Great Barbet Megalaima virens
Commonly heard calling and seen on a number of occasions. Recorded from all sites visited in the hills in both North Bengal and Sikkim.
33. Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineate
Only seen at Gorumara, with at least eight there.
34. Blue-throated Barbet Megalaima asiatica
Five were seen at Suntalekhola and singles were at Rumtek and Gorumara. Also one en-route sighting in North Bengal and one in Sikkim.
35. Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala
The only record was of seven seen by a single observer at Gorumara.
36. Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris
Two were seen in trees by the Teesta river at Kaljhora and more seen at Gorumara included four from the Khunia watch tower.
37. Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis
Small numbers seen en-route in the lowlands of North Bengal on a few occasions.
38. Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
One was seen in Sikkim on a river en-route from Rabangla to Gangtok. Not seen again until singles daily at Gorumara with one also at Gazoldoba.
39. Stork-billed Kingfisher Halcyon capensis
One seen, by a single observer, by the small stream on the Mahakal Trail at Gorumara was the only sighting.
40. White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis
Aside from one at Khecheopari Lake, only recorded from the Gorumara area including three at Khunia and en-route from Gorumara to Bagdogra.
41. Crested Kingfisher Megaceryle lugubris
Two were seen on the Jaldhaka river south of Bindu and one was present at Bindu itself, both on the Indian and Bhutan sides of the river. There are few records for the state of West Bengal, although birds are presumably resident in these underwatched areas. In Sikkim, three were seen en-route between Gangtok and North Bengal on 20/11.
42. Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis
One seen in flight at Gazoldoba was the only sighting.
43. Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis
Just one record of four seen en-route in the lowlands on 10/11.
44. Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaulti
Four near Samsing Forest Rest House were the only ones seen.
45. Large Hawk Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides
Very good views of a late migrant at Todey on 9/11.
46. Green-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus tristis
One near the Samsing Forest Rest House and one at Gorumara.
47. Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis
One seen at Kalijhora was the only sighting of the trip.
48. Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis
Two were seen in the grasslands from the Khunia watch tower at Gorumara and also heard calling from there. One bird was seen perched for a few seconds, although only the head and neck were visible. Otherwise brief flight views were obtained on two occasions.
49. Vernal Hanging Parrot Loriculus vernalis
Seen on both days at Gorumara and pleasingly gave good perched views, typically hanging upside-down from a tree trunk.
50. Alexandrine Parakeet Psittacula eupatria
Following three in flight at Samsing the only records were from Gorumara, where it was relatively common.
51. Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri
Surprisingly the only record from the entire trip was of two at Gorumara.
52. Slaty-headed Parakeet Psittacula himalayana
A flock of at least 40 parakeets was seen between Pelling and Sangachoeling on 15/11. It was difficult to get good views but flight views showed obvious yellow in the tail, particularly from below, and at least one bird had a red upper mandible. At least some were therefore Slaty-headed, and it seems likely that most were.
53. Blossom-headed Parakeet Psittacula roseata
One bird from the flock between Pelling and Sangachoeling that was seen particularly well had a pale grey head and yellow bill, plus a small maroon-coloured shoulder patch. This combination of features mostly closely fits female Blossomheaded, although some of the literature referred to since states that the lower mandible is supposed to be greyish.
54. Red-breasted Parakeet Psittacula alexandri
15 were seen at Samsing and up to 30 at Gorumara.
55. Himalayan Swiftlet Collocalia brevirostris
Up to five seen on both days at Gorumara.
56. Asian Palm Swift Cypsiurus batasiensis
A flock of about ten over palms en-route to Gorumara, plus five at Gorumara Jungle Camp.
57. Asian Barred Owlet Glaucidium cuculoides
Due to its relatively diurnal nature birds were seen on several occasions, including Suntalekhola, Pemayangtse (two there), Khecheopari Lake, Fambong Lho, Lava and Gorumara.
58. Jungle Owlet Glaucidium radiatum
Single birds heard at both Kalijhora and Gorumara.
59. Spotted Owlet Athene brama
One heard calling at Gorumara Jungle Camp.
60. Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus indicus
One bird was seen well in flight after dusk at Suntalekhola on 6/11. There was only one other nightjar recorded on the entire trip: one in flight over fields near Gorumara was most likely to have been a Savanna Nightjar.
61. Rock Pigeon Columba livia
Common in all but the most forested areas.
62. Ashy Wood Pigeon Columba pulchricollis
Three were seen in flight at Maenam, followed by sightings at Lava and Neora Valley.
63. Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis
Considerably less common than last year (when it was recorded nearly every day): two at Karmi Farm were the only sighting during the first week. Seen more frequently in Sikkim although only one sighting, six at Rumtek, was of more than one bird. More common at Gorumara with up to 40 there. The grey sides and tip to the tail eliminate the subspecies meena and the obvious pinkish colour of the head, neck and underparts suggest the more easterly agricola.
64. Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis
Small numbers seen en-route in both North Bengal and Sikkim but not common. One recorded from Suntalekhola and up to three from Gorumara.
65. Red Collared Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica
Quite common at Gorumara with up to 15 there, the only other record being from Siliguri.
66. Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Surprisingly only one was seen on the entire trip, and that just outside Bagdogra.
67. Barred Cuckoo Dove Macropygia unchall
Two were seen in flight at dusk at Mount Narsing. As last year, when we recorded just one probable, this species is presumably difficult to find at this time of year: it is frequently reported in the spring.
68. Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica
One was seen by a single observer at Gorumara.
69. Yellow-footed Green Pigeon Treron phoenicoptera
Only recorded from Gorumara where about 50 birds were seen from the Rhino Observation Point as they came to salt in the morning along with other pigeons and doves. The northern subspecies phoenicoptera is quite distinctive with obvious separation between the grey belly and the mustard-yellow breast.
70. Pin-tailed Green Pigeon Treron apicauda
One, lacking the “pin-tail”, was seen with other pigeons at Gorumara.
71. Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon Treron sphenura
About six at Sangachoeling, two at Maenam, four at Lava and a flock of 20 seen in flight at Gorumara.
72. Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea
Very good views of 18 with other pigeons and doves at Rhino Observation Point, Gorumara. Also seen from the Khunia watch tower and on the Mahakal Trail.
73. White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
One heard calling from the Khunia watch tower at Gorumara was the only record.
74. Common Coot Fulica atra
Only recorded from Gazoldoba where at least 150 were seen.
75. Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola
An excellent record was of one feeding by the roadside towards dusk along the Lava to Algarah road on 20/11. It flew up and landed in the leaf litter, although was only seen again in flight when we flushed it from there whilst attempting to refind it.
76. Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Two were seen in flight at Gazoldoba.
77. Common Redshank Tringa totanus
Seven were seen at Gazoldoba.
78. Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
One was seen on the river at Gorumara and a large flock of at least 150 was at Gazoldoba.
79. Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
One seen at Gorumara was the only sighting.
80. Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Two were seen at Gazoldoba.
81. Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckii
A flock of about 20 were present at Gazoldoba.
82. Greater Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Brief flight views were had of one seen from the Khunia watch tower at Gorumara on 22/11.
83. Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Two were seen along the river at Gorumara and three at Gazoldoba.
84. Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus
A non-breeding plumaged bird was present with Little Ringed Plovers at Gazoldoba.
85. River Lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii
A flock of seven were seen along the river at Gorumara.
86. Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
An unusual bird in West Bengal, so a total of 200 at Gazoldoba was a remarkable record. 90 were present on a sand bar there and two flocks totalling 110 flew over.
87. Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Surprisingly scarce with just two birds seen from the Khunia watch tower at Gorumara and none at all en-route in the lowlands.
88. Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
One was present with ducks and waders on a sand bar at Gazoldoba.
89. Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Excellent views of one in flight at Gazoldoba.
90. Oriental Honey-buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus
One was seen and photographed from Sangachoeling on 16/11 and five singles flew over Rumtek on 20/11. These were all seen apparently migrating and looked larger and longer-winged than the sedentary Indian birds, typical of the migratory Siberian subspecies orientalis.
91. Black Kite Milvus migrans
Just small numbers recorded en-route in the lowlands.
92. Lesser Fish Eagle Ichthyophaga humilis
One immature was seen soaring over the edge of the forest and grassland at Gorumara on 23/11. Difficult to distinguish from Grey-headed Fish Eagle at this age, but the uniform dark brown tail suggests that it was a Lesser.
93. White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis
Birds seen en-route in the North Bengal lowlands on three occasions, including six on 22/11 and an impressive soaring flock of 24 at Bagdogra on 24/11.
94. Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris
Five birds were seen soaring with White-rumped Vultures at Bagdogra on 24/11.
95. Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalyensis
One adult was seen not far from Kalijhora, two birds at Rumtek and one at Gorumara.
96. Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela
Singles were seen en-route in North Bengal on two occasions, two calling birds in flight at Lava and daily sightings at Gorumara. Also two birds were seen together en-route in Sikkim.
97. Eurasian Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
A female or immature was seen at Gazoldoba.
98. Eastern Marsh Harrier Circus (aeruginosus) spilonotus
One bird was seen very well at Gazoldoba on 23/11. A female or immature bird, it clearly showed off-white patches on the primaries below much like a buteo, plus whitish upper-tail coverts. Size and structure appeared identical to Eurasian Marsh Harrier and its behaviour was exactly the same, quartering over the reeds with wings held in a V and alighting on several occasions.
99. Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus
A superb adult male flew directly through at Gazoldoba on 23/11, making this an excellent site for a variety of harriers!
100. Shikra Accipiter badius
The only record was of one en-route in North Bengal that was seen to catch a passerine, probably a myna.
101. Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
Singles at Suntalekhola, Karmi Farm, Rabdentse, Khecheopari Lake, Rumtek, Rashet and Lava, plus two at Maenam. One of the Maenam birds was photographed at close range and may have been a female of the wintering subspecies nisosimilis rather than the Himalayan melaschistos (which was also recorded).
102. Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis One in flight over Karmi Farm typically had a steady flapping flight without the flap-and-glide of a Eurasian Sparrowhawk.
103. Common Buzzard Buteo buteo
One was seen very well en-route to Kalijhora. Thereafter a presumably migrating individual overflew Rumtek on 20/11 and one was seen in the Gorumara grasslands.
104. Black Eagle Ictinaetus malayensis
One seen briefly at Karmi Farm with a Eurasian Sparrowhawk and good views of one seen en-route between Khecheopari Lake and Mount Narsing.
105. Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina
Two individual migrating birds were seen within ten minutes of each other over Kalijhora on 14/11.
106. Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis
Migrating birds were seen on a few occasions with eight at Karmi Farm, one at Kalijhora, 12 in the late afternoon at Rabdentse and six nearby at Sangachoeling the following morning, and one also at Fambong Lho. There is probably a considerable passage through this region although the dates would suggest that the peak is probably a few weeks earlier. Birds were flying between west and south. Whether these birds continue west to winter in northeast Africa with the bulk of the Steppe Eagle population, or are part of the smaller population that winters in India, is unknown.
107. Mountain Hawk Eagle Spizaetus nipalensis
Singles of the nominate Himalayan subspecies were seen at Sangachoeling, Pemayangtse, Rumtek and Neora Valley, and en-route sightings in Sikkim included four between Khecheopari Lake and Mount Narsing.
108. Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Single birds were seen at Bindu (including in Bhutan), Kalijhora, Maenam and enroute in both North Bengal and Sikkim on two occasions each.
109. Peregrine Falco peregrinus
Two birds were seen at Gorumara from the Rhino Observation Point on 23/11 and two were also seen at Gazoldoba later the same day. One of the Gorumara birds was constantly mobbed by Ashy Woodswallows.
110. Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Two were seen at Gazoldoba.
111. Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
Eight were seen at Gazoldoba on 23/11.
112. Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis
Three were seen at Gazoldoba on 23/11. Few records from West Bengal, but undoubtedly overlooked as in much of the rest of north India.
113. Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
Only seen in the lowlands with a couple of records en-route plus birds seen at Gorumara and Gazoldoba.
114. Indian Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger
At least one was seen at Gazoldoba, but probably overlooked here.
115. Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Four seen on the river at Kalijhora, small numbers en-route on the rivers in Sikkim, plus a few at Gazoldoba.
116. Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Only recorded en-route once and with a single on the river at Gorumara.
117. Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
One was seen at Gazoldoba.
118. Great Egret Casmerodius albus
A single at Gazoldoba and one at Gorumara.
119. Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia
Up to three at Gorumara were the only ones seen.
120. Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Recorded on a few occasions in the lowlands of North Bengal, but not seen in Sikkim.
121. Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Recorded at Gorumara but only one other en-route sighting in North Bengal.
122. Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa
Two were seen at Gorumara, probably the easternmost point of their range.
123. Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
About eight were seen at Gazoldoba.
124. Black Stork Ciconia nigra
A single was seen on the river at Kalijhora and two were at Gorumara National Park.
125. Asian Fairy Bluebird Irena puella
A pair seen in the early morning of 24/11 on the Mahakal Trail was Mike’s 450th species in the last 29 days in India!
126. Long-tailed Broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae
Good views of six during a brief stop at Chapramari on 10/11 and at least three on the Mahakal Trail on 24/11.
127. Golden-fronted Leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons
One was seen at Khecheopari Lake and three at Gorumara and the Mahakal Trail.
128. Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickei
A pair were seen at Suntalekhola, two also at Sangachoeling and one at Rashet in the lower Neora Valley.
129. Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus
A few sightings en-route in the lowlands, including four on 22/11.
130. Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach
Recorded three times en-route in North Bengal and twice in Sikkim. Otherwise two were seen from the Khunia watch tower and two at Gazoldoba. All birds were of the black-headed subspecies tricolor.
131. Grey-backed Shrike Lanius excubitoroides
Singles at Bindu, Karmi Farm and Sangachoeling, two from the Khunia watch tower and a number of en-route sightings; the commonest shrike species encountered.
132. Yellow-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa flavirostris
Two noisy birds at Tiger Hill, four at Fambong Lho and one at Neora Valley. Not seen well enough to note the subspecies, although presumably they would have been the nominate, with pale yellow underparts and a greyer mantle than the western cucullata.
133. Green Magpie Cissa chinensis
Although not recorded last year ones or twos were seen at several sites this year, including Suntalekhola, Bindu, Todey, Karmi Farm, Rabdentse, Khecheopari Lake, and ten were seen at the botanical garden at Rumtek.
134. Rufous Treepie Dendrocitta vagabunda
A few sightings in the lowlands, including Gorumara, but only one sighting, of two birds at Suntalekhola, at any significant altitude.
135. Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae
Much the commoner treepie seen with records from most hill sites visited in both North Bengal and Sikkim.
136. House Crow Corvus splendens
Generally common especially in the lowlands, but with a few also seen around habitation in the hills.
137. Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos
Small numbers regular at several sites. No notable counts were made. All the birds seen appeared to be “Jungle Crows”, i.e. culminates or levaillantii, with none approaching the more raven-like tibetosinensis.
138. Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus
About six seen at Suntalekhola with a similar number at Samsing and up to 15 at Gorumara, where they did not tolerate the presence of a Peregrine there.
139. Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus
One was seen and heard briefly on the Mahakal Trail.
140. Black-hooded Oriole Oriolus xanthornus
Two near the Samsing Forest Rest House and up to four at Gorumara and the Mahakal Trail were the only ones recorded.
141. Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii
Excellent views of two at Suntalekhola, singles seen at Kalijhora, Pemayangtse, Khecheopari Lake, Maenam and up to four at Gorumara and the Mahakal Trail.
142. Large Cuckooshrike Coracina macei
Two noisy birds were seen and heard (a call not unlike that of Plum-headed Parakeet) at Gorumara. Presumably they were of the Himalayan foothills subspecies nipalensis.
143. Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos
One was seen at Samsing Forest Rest House and up to four were at Gorumara National Park and the Mahakal Trail.
144. Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris
One male was seen amongst other minivets at Suntalekhola on 7/11, although it is quite possible that others were overlooked there.
145. Long-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus
Two were seen at Sangachoeling.
146. Short-billed Minivet Pericrocotus brevirostris
A good sighting of about 100 came from Suntalekhola and there were also six at Kalijhora.
147. Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus
About 40 were seen at Suntalekhola with Short-billed Minivets and small numbers were recorded at Samsing, Chapramari, Karmi Farm and Kalijhora. At Gorumara there was up to 60 seen, and a flock of 40 was seen en-route in North Bengal. There was just one en-route sighting of four in Sikkim.
148. Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus
Six at Suntalekhola, six at Bindu and eight at Kalijhora showed a brown mantle and were clearly of the capitalis subspecies.
149. Yellow-bellied Fantail Rhipidura hypoxantha
Three were seen at Sangachoeling, singles at Khecheopari Lake, Maenam, Fambong Lho and Rumtek, and three at Rashet.
150. White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis
Singles, of one the dark-breasted races, seen at Suntalekhola, Karmi Farm, Kalijhora, Pemayangtse, Rumtek and Gorumara.
151. Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus
Recorded en-route on a few occasions, in the lowlands only, and in the Gorumara area.
152. Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus
Small numbers seen at Suntalekhola, Samsing, Bindu, Kalijhora and Gorumara in North Bengal, with Sikkim records restricted to one at Fambong Lho and about six at a stop en-route between Khecheopari Lake and Mount Narsing. These were a distinctive paler grey than the more western birds and were therefore probably of the hopwoodi subspecies.
153. Bronzed Drongo Dicrurus aeneus
Common at Suntalekhola where up to eight were seen. Also seen at nearby Samsing and Bindu, with ones or twos from Kalijhora, Lava and Gorumara. The only Sikkim record was of two en-route between Khecheopari Lake and Mount Narsing, seen together with Ashy Drongos.
154. Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus remifer
Two were seen on the Mahakal Trail.
155. Spangled Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus
Up to three were seen at Suntalekhola, Samsing, Bindu, Chapramari and Kalijhora, with daily sightings from the Gorumara area including six near the Khunia watch tower. One seen briefly with the Ashy and Bronzed Drongos between Khecheopari Lake and Mount Narsing was the only one recorded from Sikkim
156. Greater Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus
One was seen well at Suntalekhola and there were brief sightings of two at Gorumara on two occasions.
157. Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea
Three were seen at Suntalekhola and there was one at Chapramari.
158. Common Iora Aegithina tiphia
The only records were of four at Kalijhora and one at Gorumara.
159. Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis gularis
Good views of a feeding flock of 15 pelvica birds on the Mahakal Trail.
160. Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii
Seen on the river Jaldhaka at Bindu, both in India and in Bhutan, and also seen briefly at Kalijhora.
161. Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush Monticola rufiventris
A pair were seen at Karmi Farm with another pair at Sangachoeling, then singles at Khecheopari Lake and twice en-route stops in Sikkim.
162. Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius
Two were seen from the balcony of Shivaji Tourist Inn at Bindu and singles were seen at Kalijhora, twice en-route in Sikkim, at Gazoldoba and at Gorumara.
163. Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus
Common with records from nearly every site visited. An interesting lowland sighting was of one in a tea plantation between Gorumara and Gazoldoba.
164. Plain-backed Thrush Zoothera mollissima
One was seen by a single observer at Rashet in the lower Neora Valley.
165. White-collared Blackbird Turdus albocinctus
Brief sightings of one at Tiger Hill and one at Rashet.
166. Gould’s Shortwing Brachypteryx stellata
The undoubted highlight of the trip for Mike and Sujan was one seen well at Tiger Hill. First seen by Mike it gave excellent views for about 30 seconds, plus a few seconds for a breathless Sujan who arrived just in time after hearing Mike’s frantic shouts! This species is mentioned for Tiger Hill by Kazmierczak and Singh [7] although there are very few records.
167. Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica
Two were seen at Suntalekhola, two at Bindu and one at Todey, although there were no sightings after these.
168. Slaty-backed Flycatcher Ficedula hodgsonii
A pair were seen at Khecheopari Lake and one at Maenam.
169. Rufous-gorgetted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata
Several sightings included three at Karmi Farm and at Fambong Lho, plus ones or twos at Tiger Hill, Pemayangtse, Sangachoeling, Khecheopari Lake, Rumtek, Rashet and Lava.
170. Red-throated Flycatcher Ficedula (parva) albicilla [Taiga Flycatcher]
Ones or twos were seen at Suntalekhola, Samsing, Bindu, Kalijhora, Khecheopari Lake and Rashet, with three at Gorumara. About one bird in four were seen well enough to assign to subspecies and all of these were, as expected based on range, albicilla.
171. Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris
Singles were seen at Sangachoeling and Pemayangtse.
172. Slaty-blue Flycatcher Ficedula tricolour
Two seen at Bindu, one in India and one in Bhutan, were the only definite sightings.
173. Sapphire Flycatcher Ficedula sapphire
A single observer sighting of one at Rumtek was the only record.
174. Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassina
One bird was seen at Karmi Farm and two were at the botanical gardens in Rumtek, plus there was one en-route sighting in North Bengal.
175. Large Niltava Niltava grandis
A pair was seen briefly not far from Bindu and singles were seen in Sikkim at Sangachoeling and Maenam.
176. Small Niltava Niltava macgregoriae
One was at Suntalekhola, two at Bindu and one at Rumtek.
177. Rufous-bellied Niltava Niltava sundara
Singles at Suntalekhola and Todey, followed by two at Kalijhora, one at Rumtek and an en-route sighting in Sikkim.
178. Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis
Seen at all sites visited in North Bengal except Tiger Hill, the Lava area and Gazoldoba, the maximum being four at Kalijhora. Interestingly in Sikkim we only recorded one bird, at Pemayangtse
179. Orange-flanked Bush Robin Tarsiger cyanurus
One bird at Kalijhora was giving short bursts of song and was presumed to be an immature male. Otherwise one was seen at Sangachoeling with two in the Neora Valley.
180. Golden Bush Robin Tarsiger chrysaeus
A male was seen in the garden of Mount Pandim hotel, Pemayangtse, on two occasions, and two were seen at Fambong Lho.
181. White-browed Bush Robin Tarsiger indicus
A female was seen briefly from the trail to Tiffindara at Lava.
182. Oriental Magpie Robin Copsychus saularis
Recorded from Bindu and Gorumara, with en-route sightings in both North Bengal and Sikkim on a couple of occasions.
183. White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus
Seen and heard singing at Kalijhora and on three occasions in the Gorumara area.
184. Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
One female seen at Suntalekhola was the only sighting.
185. Hodgson’s Redstart Phoenicurus hodgsoni
Excellent views were had of four at Bindu, including one in Bhutan. One was also seen at Khecheopari Lake.
186. Blue-fronted Redstart Phoenicurus frontalis
One was seen at Todey and it was particularly common at Tiger Hill with at least 20seen there. Also seen at Lava in North Bengal and noted to be very common in Sikkim, where records came from all sites.
187. White-capped Water Redstart Phoenicurus leucocephalus
Regularly seen on or near most rivers, the peak count was five at Bindu and at least eight on the journey between Khecheopari Lake and Mount Narsing in Sikkim.
188. Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus
Very similar status to White-capped Water Redstart and very frequently seen together. Six seen at Bindu and eight between Khecheopari Lake and Mount Narsing were the maximum counts.
189. Little Forktail Enicurus scouleri
Three were seen at Bindu and one en-route not far from there, with en-route sightings at road-crossing streams on two occasions in Sikkim.
190. Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus
Quite commonly encountered en-route where the road crossed any streams. One was at Suntalekhola, two displaying birds at Bindu (seen in both India and Bhutan) and three en-route birds were seen between Bindu and Todey. Seen at five separate occasions in Sikkim, with one bird also on a stream at Rashet.
191. Siberian Stonechat Saxicola maura
Two seen at Bindu, with one also on the Bhutan side of the border there, and singles at Kalijhora, Khecheopari Lake and on three other occasions in Sikkim. At least six seen in the Gorumara area.
192. Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata
One seen en-route from Lava to Gorumara was the only sighting of the trip.
193. Grey Bushchat Saxicola ferrea
Two were seen at Suntalekhola, Todey and Karmi Farm, three at Fambong Lho,one at Rumtek and singles en-route on three occasions.
194. Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnus malabaricus
A flock of 30 were seen at Samsing, 20 at Chapramari and up to 40 at Gorumara.
195. Asian Pied Starling Sturnus contra
Noted on several occasions in lowland areas where it is clearly common, including at Gorumara.
196. Common Myna Acridotheres tristis
Very common in lowland areas, with a number of records of small numbers also from higher altitudes.
197. Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus
One en-route between Lava and Gorumara was the only sighting away from Gorumara National Park itself. Here up to 30 were seen from the Rhino Observation Point.
198. Hill Myna Gracula religiosa
Several were seen in the Suntalekhola and Samsing area, including one flock of about 50 birds. Also noted were 15 at Bindu, 40 at Chapramari, one at Karmi Farm, 40 at Kalijhora and up to eight at Gorumara, plus a remarkable 500 near Samsing on 22/11.
199. Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch Sitta castanea
Seen at Samsing, Bindu, Todey (with three there), Karmi Farm, Tiger Hill, Kalijhora, Gorumara plus on one occasion in Sikkim en-route between Maenam and Gangtok.
200. White-tailed Nuthatch Sitta himalayensis
Generally found to replace Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch at higher altitude sites, one was seen at Tiger Hill and there were records also from Sangachoeling, Rabdentse, Pemayangtse, Khecheopari Lake, Maenam, Fambong Lho plus the Lava and Neora Valley area.
201. Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis
Up to four seen at Karmi Farm, one at Tiger Hill and two at Gorumara.
202. Rusty-flanked Treecreeper Certhia nipalensis
A treecreeper seen at Karmi Farm was thought to be this species. Otherwise just two other treecreepers were seen on the entire trip and these, at Samsing, were only seen briefly and could not be identified.
203. Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
One, a dark bird probably of the nipalensis subspecies, was seen at very close range on the Lava to Algarah road.
204. Rufous-vented Tit Parus rubidiventris
One seen well in the Neora Valley had a greyish belly and was therefore of the subspecies beavani.
205. Coal Tit Parus ater
Singles were seen at Karmi Farm and Tiger Hill, five at Sangachoeling, at least 12 at Rumtek and ten in the Neora Valley.
206. Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus
Easily the commonest tit species recorded with records from Todey (about 15), Karmi Farm (at least 25), Pemayangtse, Sangachoeling, Khecheopari Lake, Mount Narsing, Maenam, Fambong Lho, Rumtek, Rashet and Lava.
207. Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus
Three were seen at Karmi Farm and there were one or two at several Sikkim sites, including Sangachoeling, Rabdentse and Khecheopari Lake. More notable counts were 10 at Rumtek and eight in the Neora Valley.
208. Sultan Tit Melanochlora sultanea
Three were seen at Suntalekhola on 7/11. Two of these were in a tree inside the grounds of the Suntalay Khola Wilderness Camp, but unfortunately all were only seen briefly.
209. Black-throated Tit Aegithalos concinnus
Up to 20 were seen at Karmi Farm and there were other flocks of about this size seen at Sangachoeling, Rabdentse, Khecheopari Lake, Neora Valley and Lava, with smaller numbers from Fambong Lho and Rumtek.
210. Plain Martin Riparia paludicola
Only seen near the river at Kalijohora and between Gorumara and Bagdogra.
211. Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
One juvenile was seen with Wire-tailed Swallows at Gazoldoba.
212. Wire-tailed Swallow Hirundo smithii
Four birds were seen perched on wires at Gazoldoba. Extremely unusual in this area, with just a single record highlighted by Grimmett, Inskipp and Inskipp [1].
213. Nepal House Martin Delichon nipalensis
A flock of about 50 was seen on two occasions not far from Kolbong in North Bengal. In Sikkim five at Pemayangtse and 30 at Sangachoeling were eclipsed by a flock of at least 200 seen not far from Khecheopari Lake.
214. Goldcrest Regulus regulus
Five were seen in pines at Sangachoeling Gompa, about 10 in the Neora Valley and four in the grounds of the Lava Forest Rest House.
215. Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus
Excellent views of two in a large feeding flock of smaller birds at Rabdentse, followed by nine at Fambong Lho. Also recorded from Rashet and Lava.
216. Black-crested Bulbul Pycnonotus melanicterus
The flaviventris subspecies was seen twice, with six at Kalijhora and four at Gorumara.
217. Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocusus
Three at Samsing, about ten at Kalijhora and at least 20 in the Gorumara area.
218. Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys
Small numbers recorded from Todey, Karmi Farm and three occasions in Sikkim, including at Rumtek.
219. Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer
One of the darker subspecies, probably bengalensis, was fairly common at most sites visited in both North Bengal and Sikkim, although no notable counts were recorded.
220. Ashy Bulbul Hypsipetes flavalus
Three birds were seen in pines at the top of the ridge at Suntalekhola.
221. Mountain Bulbul Hypsipetes mcclellandii
Three birds were seen well bubt briefly at Karmi Farm, with two seen also at Fambong Lho.
222. Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus
Pale grey birds of the subspecies psaroides were quite common in the hills with sightings from Suntalekhola, Karmi Farm, Sangachoeling, Khecheopari Lake, Maenam, Fambong Lho, Rumtek, Neora Valley and Lava.
223. Plain Prinia Prinia inornata
The only records were of one at Gazoldoba and one between Gorumara and Bagdogra.
224. Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosa
Quite common, unlike last year when we only had one sighting. This year recorded from Suntalekhola, Bindu, Todey (where there were at least 50), Karmi Farm, Kalijhora, Khecheopari Lake and Rumtek.
225. Chestnut-headed Tesia Tesia castaneocoronata
There were brief sightings of birds at Chapramari, Karmi Farm, Khecheopari Lake, Rumtek (two) and once at an en-route stop in Sikkim. Calls that were probably this species were heard on several occasions and it is presumably quite common.
226. Grey-bellied Tesia Tesia cyaniventer
One bird seen briefly at Chapramari, a few metres from a Chestnut-headed Tesia, was followed by one seen well (and photographed) at Gorumara on two consecutive days.
227. Brownish-flanked Bush Warbler Cettia fortipes
Very good views had of two at Sangachoeling, with one other seen at Fambong Lho.
228. Yellowish-bellied Bush Warbler Cettia robustipes
One was seen at Tiger Hill and one briefly in the Neora Valley.
229. Grey-sided Bush Warbler Cettia brunnifrons
Two were seen by a single observer at Fambong Lho.
230. Thick-billed Warbler Acrocephalus aedon
Very good views had of one in thick scrub and lantana at Samsing. Also one seen from the Khunia watch tower at Gorumara and two from the Rhino Observation Point there.
231. Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius
One or two birds recorded from Samsing, Todey, Rumtek, Gorumara and en-route in Sikkim.
232. Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybitus
One was seen in the grasslands from the Khunia watch tower in Gorumara.
233. Buff-barred Warbler Phylloscopus pulcher
One seen by a single observer in the botanical gardens at Rumtek was, surprisingly, the only sighting.
234. Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis
Regularly recorded and usually common. Birds were seen at Suntalekhola, Todey, Karmi Farm (at least 30), all sites visited in Sikkim, Lava and the Neora Valley.
235. Lemon-rumped Warbler Phylloscopus chloronotus
Small numbers seen at various sites, including Suntalekhola, Bindu, Karmi Farm, Khecheopari Lake, Fambong Lho and Rumtek, where the peak of about ten was recorded.
236. Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus
Two were seen (and heard) at Fambong Lho and there were sightings also at Rumtek and Gorumara.
237. Hume's Warbler Phylloscopus humei
Relatively common with sightings from Suntalekhola, Bindu, Todey, Karmi Farm (at least 15), Tiger Hill, Kalijhora, Sangachoeling, Khecheopari Lake, Maenam, Fambong Lho, Rumtek, Neora Valley and Lava.
238. Blyth's Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus reguloides
Two were seen briefly at Sangachoeling.
239. Yellow-vented Warbler Phylloscopus cantator
One was seen well at Suntalekhola, one at Kalijhora and one also at Gorumara.
240. Golden-spectacled Warbler Seicercus burkii
Records of either Golden-spectacled Warbler or Whistler’s Warbler came from a number of sites, although only a small proportion could be confidently assigned to either species due to lack of knowledge of the key distinguishing features. Criteria used for identification were mainly from the Family Introductions section of Kazmierczak and van Perlo [2], although on a few occasions birds were seen that appeared to show some pro Golden-spectacled characters and some pro Whistler’s characters. The most useful features appeared to be the blackness of the lateral crown stripes and the extent of the extension of these towards the bill, plus the strength of the yellow colouration below. However, these features were still indeterminate with the views possible for the majority of birds seen. The presence or absence of a wing-bar was considered to be of little use for identification, as was altitudinal range outside of the breeding season. Two birds seen at Suntalekhola on 7/11 were considered to be Golden-spectacled, whilst birds at Bindu, Todey, Karmi Farm (where five were seen together), Tiger Hill and Gorumara were not positively identified.
241. Whistler’s Warbler Seicercus whistleri
One definite was seen at Sangachoeling, two at an en-route stop between Khecheopari Lake and Mount Narsing, up to ten at Rumtek and one in the Neora Valley.
242. Grey-hooded Warbler Seicercus xanthoschista
Widespread although not as common as further west in the Himalayas. Recorded at Suntalekhola, Karmi Farm (with up to 25 there), Sangachoeling, Pemayangtse, Rabdentse, Khecheopari Lake, Maenam, Fambong Lho and Rumtek.
243. White-spectacled Warbler Seicercus affinis
One was seen well at Rumtek. One seen at Suntalekhola was either this species or Grey-cheeked Warbler.
244. Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys
There were single observer sightings at Sangachoeling and at a stop between Maenam and Gangtok, plus another seen well at Rashet.
245. Chestnut-crowned Warbler Seicercus castaneiceps
This attractive bird proved quite widespread. Following singles at Suntalekhola and Todey there were three at Karmi Farm and ones or twos at Rabdentse, Sangachoeling, Fambong Lho, Rumtek, Lava and the Neora Valley.
246. Broad-billed Warbler Tickellia hodgsoni
Brief views were had of one at Tiger Hill and a flock of four at Maenam, plus a single en-route between Maenam and Gangtok.
247. Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps
The only one was a single observer sighting at a roadside stop between Maenam and Gangtok on 18/11.
248. Striated Grassbird Megalurus palustris
One heard singing at Gazoldoba was the only record.
249. White-throated Laughingthrush Garrulax albogularis
After four at Suntalekhola, the only other sighting was of an impressive flock of 80 birds at Pemayangtse.
250. White-crested Laughingthrush Garrulax leucolophus
Flocks of up to 10 were seen at Suntalekhola, Karmi Farm, Rumtek and twice enroute in Sikkim.
251. Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax pectoralis
One was seen briefly with White-throated Laughingthrushes at Suntalekhola and a flock of about six where seen from the Rumtek to Song road.
252. Rufous-necked Laughingthrush Garrulax ruficollis
A flock of 20 was seen at Bindu, on the Bhutan side of the river. Seen in the late afternoon they were actively feeding in low bushes and consequently we had very good views.
253. Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus
In North Bengal a flock of four were seen at Todey, birds were heard at Karmi Farm and small numbers were recorded at Lava and Rashet. In Sikkim there were several sightings of up to four birds, including at Sangachoeling, Rabdentse, Pemayangtse, Maenam, Fambong Lho and Rumtek.
254. Spotted Laughingthrush Garrulax ocellatus
About four were seen briefly at Tiger Hill by a single observer.
255. Grey-sided Laughingthrush Garrulax caerulatus
Two were seen briefly at Sangachoeling whilst two flocks totalling about ten birds pleasingly gave very good views at Rashet in the Neora Valley.
256. Streaked Laughingthrush Garrulax lineatus
Not the common bird that it is in the western Himalayas, but up to six birds were seen at Pemayangtse, Sangachoeling, Mount Narsing and Rashet.
257. Blue-winged Laughingthrush Garrulax squamatus
About four were seen briefly in bamboo at Tiger Hill, one was seen briefly at Maenam, about eight gave good views in a flock at Fambong Lho that contained four different species of laughingthrushes and it was also recorded from Rumtek and Lava.
258. Black-faced Laughingthrush Garrulax affinis
One at Sangachoeling and four at Fambong Lho were the only sightings. Interestingly recorded as “relatively common” last year.
259. Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush Garrulax erythrocephalus
Following up to six at Tiger Hill this proved to be the most widespread of the laughingthrushes, with sightings from all Sikkim sites visited, including ten at Fambong Lho, plus small numbers from Lava and the Neora Valley.
260. Red-faced Liocichla Liocichla phoenicea
One of the highlights of the trip, five were seen at Fambong Lho. One gave brief views in a mixed flock of laughingthrushes and then four were seen reasonably well as they moved through the low vegetation, although never really showing in the open.
261. Rusty-cheeked Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus erythrogenys
Two seen at Mount Narsing was the only sighting.
262. Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis
One was seen quite well in dense vegetation at Sangachoeling and another was seen in the Neora Valley.
263. Slender-billed Scimitar Babbler Xiphirhynchus superciliaris
Excellent close views were had of one in a mixed species feeding flock at Sangachoeling, and two were seen in thick bamboo in the Neora Valley.
264. Scaly-breasted Wren Babbler Pnoepyga albiventer
One rufous morph seen at Todey gave excellent views and was photographed. Another heard calling at Rabdentse eventually showed itself very briefly and finally a white morph was seen at Rashet.
265. Pygmy Wren Babbler Pnoepyga pusilla
One at Sangachoeling, one at Khecheopari Lake, two at Maenam and one at Gorumara. Also birds en-route in Sikkim on three occasions included three (one seen and two heard) within a 300m stretch between Maenam and Gangtok.
266. Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyris ruficeps
Seen amongst flocks of other species, particularly Rufous-winged Fulvettas, at Samsing, Rabdentse, Sangachoeling, Fambong Lho, Rumtek, Rashet and Lava, where the maximum count of four was recorded.
267. Golden Babbler Stachyris chrysaea
Six were seen well at a roadside stop between Maenam and Gangtok, with another five seen at Rashet.
268. Grey-throated Babbler Stachyris nigriceps
Although not recorded last year, this time small numbers were quite common at several sites, i.e. Suntalekhola, Karmi Farm, Rabdentse, Sangachoeling, Rumtek (where the maximum count of six occurred), Rashet and Lava.
269. Striped Tit Babbler Macronous gularis
About six, constantly calling birds, were seen very well at Kalijhora. Another that was heard, and then seen, from the Rumtek to Song road, was at an unusually high altitude of about 1700m: it is listed as occurring from the duars (plains) to 600m in [6], up to 900m in [2] and in the “foothills” in [1].
270. Jungle Babbler Turdoides striatus
Two recorded en-route in the North Bengal lowlands was the only sighting.
271. Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea
Some reasonably large flocks were seen at Tiger Hill, Rabdentse, Maenam, Fambong Lho (at least 40), Rumtek, Rashet and Lava. The central and eastern Himalaya birds are of the subspecies calipyga.
272. White-browed Shrike Babbler Pteruthius flaviscapis
One male was seen briefly at Sangachoeling.
273. Black-eared Shrike Babbler Pteruthius melanotis
A good series of records with one at Suntalekhola, up to three at Karmi Farm, one at Rabdentse which gave exceptionally good views in a large feeding flock, five at Maenam and two roadside birds between there and Gangtok.
274. Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni
Very good views of up to seven at Pemayangtse where they were seen daily, four at Khecheopari Lake, five at Fambong Lho and also recorded at Lava.
275. Hoary-throated Barwing Actinodura nipalensis
One at Pemayangtse and five at Maenam were the only records.
276. Blue-winged Minla Minla cyanouroptera
Several were recorded in the first week in North Bengal, with up to 12 at Suntalekhola, six at Samsing, six at Todey, and up to 12 at Karmi Farm where it was recorded on each of the three days there. Surprisingly no further records, and therefore none were recorded from Sikkim.
277. Chestnut-tailed Minla Minla strigula
Recorded at several sites including five at Karmi Farm, small numbers at Tiger Hill,Sangachoeling, Rabdentse, Pemayangtse, Khecheopari Lake, about 30 at Maenam, ten at Rumtek and up to 15 at Lava and in the Neora Valley.
278. Red-tailed Minla Minla ignotincta
Two at Suntalekhola, two at Todey, daily sightings from Karmi Farm with an impressive maximum count of 40 there. Fewer in Sikkim with one at Sangachoeling, one at Maenam and three at Fambong Lho.
279. Golden-breasted Fulvetta Alcippe chrysotis
A fantastic flock of about 15 was seen at Tiger Hill, one was seen at Pemayangtse and four in the Neora Valley.
280. Rufous-winged Fulvetta Alcippe castaneceps
Quite common in the hills with records from Karmi Farm, Tiger Hill, Pemayangtse, Rabdentse, Sangachoeling, Fambong Lho, Lava and the Neora Valley. Large flocks were seen at Rabdentse (about 40), Sangachoeling (about 30) and Lava (about 25).
281. White-browed Fulvetta Alcippe vinipectus
Only seen on three occasions but in large numbers each time. It was the commonest species seen at Tiger Hill and there were about 20 seen at both Maenam and Lava. The birds showed the lightly streaked throat of the chumbiensis subspecies.
282. Nepal Fulvetta Alcippe nipalensis
Small numbers were quite regular constituents of feeding flocks, with records from Suntalekhola, Karmi Farm (about ten there), Pemayangtse, Rabdentse, Sangachoeling, Fambong Lho, Rumtek and Rashet.
283. Rufous Sibia Heterophasia capistrata
One of the most common birds in the hills, with sightings at Todey, Karmi Farm, Tiger Hill, Kalijhora, all sites visited in Sikkim, plus Lava and Neora Valley.
284. Long-tailed Sibia Heterophasia picaoides
Excellent views of five seen at Suntalekhola.
285. White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri
Six were seen at Suntalekhola.
286. Whiskered Yuhina Yuhina flavicollis
After a single at Suntalekhola, eight were seen at Todey, ten at Tiger Hill and then many in Sikkim. Records were from all sites with a peak of about 30 at Fambong Lho. Also common at Lava and the Neora Valley.
287. Stripe-throated Yuhina Yuhina gularis
Common at Tiger Hill where up to 30 were seen but only recorded otherwise from Rumtek and Neora Valley.
288. Rufous-vented Yuhina Yuhina occipitalis
Six were seen at Tiger Hill, a few at Sangachoeling and Pemayangtse and then several in the Neora Valley and at Lava, where up to 40 included a large flock at dawn that had obviously roosted together.
289. Black-chinned Yuhina Yuhina nigrimenta
A fast moving flock of 10 were seen at Suntalekhola.
290. White-bellied Yuhina Yuhina zantholeuca
Eight were seen at Suntalekhola, singles at Todey and Karmi Farm, five at Kalijhora and one at Fambong Lho.
291. Fire-tailed Myzornis Myzornis pyrrhoura
Following poor and very brief views of one at Pemayangtse, one was seen well at Sangachoeling and there were other brief views of one at Maenam and one in the Neora Valley.
292. Brown Parrotbill Paradoxornis unicolor
About six were seen well in thick bamboo at Tiger Hill.
293. Black-throated Parrotbill Paradoxornis nipalensis
The only record was a single observer sighting of two flocks in the Neora Valley.
294. Sand Lark Calandrella raytal
Six were seen on the muddy flats at Gazoldoba.
295. Plain Flowerpecker Dicaeum concolor
Two seen at Chapramari and two at Khecheopari Lake were the only sightings.
296. Fire-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus
Relatively common in Sikkim with records from all sites visited with maximums of six at Sangachoeling and five at Khecheopari Lake. Not so many in North Bengal, but records still from Suntalekhola, Todey, Karmi Farm and in the Neora Valley.
297. Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker Dicaeum cruentatum
About four were seen well at Gorumara.
298. Mrs Gould's Sunbird Aethopyga gouldiae
The only record was a single observer sighting of one in the Neora Valley.
299. Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis
By far the commonest sunbird. After one at Karmi Farm they were seen frequently in Sikkim, with records from Pemayangtse, Sangachoeling, Khecheopari Lake, Maenam, Fambong Lho and Rumtek. Also a few noted at Lava and in the Neora Valley.
300. Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata
One was seen briefly at Todey.
301. Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja
Three were seen at Kalijhora but these were the only sightings.
302. Fire-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga ignicauda
Four were seen at Karmi Farm and four also at Sangachoeling. Unlike Green-tailed, which were usually seen in ones and twos, the Fire-tailed Sunbirds were seen all together.
303. Streaked Spiderhunter Arachnothera magna
The only record was a single observer sighting of one at Kalijhora.
304. House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Recorded a few times in habitation en-route and at Bindu and Maenam.
305. Russet Sparrow Passer rutilans
One female was seen en-route between Pemayangtse and Khecheopari Lake.
306. Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
Replaced the House Sparrow at higher elevations in Sikkim and in Lava village.
307. White Wagtail Motacilla alba
One bird at Suntalekhola, a few at Kalijhora and one en-route sighting in Sikkim. Several at Gorumara included at least 200 roosting near the Khunia watch tower and 40 were also seen at Gazoldoba. The only subspecies definitely recorded was alboides.
308. White-browed Wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis
Two seen by the river at Bindu, including in Bhutan, and recorded also from Kalijhora and Gazoldoba.
309. Yellow Wagtail Motacilla citreola
One was seen at Gorumara and about 15, probably thunbergi, seen at Gazoldoba.
310. Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
A few were seen in the Bindu area and one or two regularly en-route in Sikkim as well as at Fambong Lho. Four were seen at Lava.
311. Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus
Two were seen at Gorumara and one en-route between Gorumara and Bagdogra.
312. Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni
Small numbers were recorded at all sites except Suntalekhola, Samsing, Bindu and Chapramari, with the peak counts being ten at Karmi Farm and 20 at Sangachoeling.
313. Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata
Singles were seen well at Sangachoeling, Pemayangtse and Maenam.
314. Maroon-backed Accentor Prunella immaculata
Although not recorded last year there were several sightings of small flocks this time around. Six were at Pemayangtse, eight at Maenam, a total of at least 25 in the Neora Valley and ten at Lava. All the sightings were of small parties feeding on paths in the forest, and they seemed particularly faithful to the same small area.
315. Baya Weaver Ploceus philippinus
At least one was seen at Gazoldoba although a flock of about 40 weavers there was probably this species also.
316. Indian Silverbill Lonchura malabarica
Only recorded by one observer in Siliguri itself. This is slightly outside of its known range, and may indicate a captive origin, or a possible eastwards range expansion.
317. Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata
Recorded near Bagdogra and then a single bird in flight at Khunia, Gorumara.
318. Black-headed Munia Lonchura malacca
Three white-bellied birds were seen at Gazoldoba.
319. Yellow-breasted Greenfinch Carduelis spinoides
Small flocks were seen at Pemayangtse, Sangachoeling and Maenam.
320. Dark-breasted Rosefinch Carpodacus nipalensis
The most frequent rosefinch seen although most sightings were of females or immatures. Records came from Sangachoeling, Rabdentse, Pemayangtse, Maenam, Fambong Lho, Neora Valley and Lava. Note that none of the female or immature birds seen showed a darker breast as depicted in Grimmett, Inskipp & Inskipp [1], but all had uniform brown underparts. However, there is no mention of a darker breast within the text so it is presumed that the plate is wrong.
321. Pink-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodochrous
A single female was seen at Maenam. A notable record since this species is relatively uncommon in the east of its range.
322. Dark-rumped Rosefinch Carpodacus edwardsii
Four females or immatures seen at Neora Valley were the only sighting. They were feeding deep inside the same bush they were noted in there the previous year.
323. Spot-winged Rosefinch Carpodacus rodopeplus
A pair were seen along the track at Rashet. A scarce species in India, with records generally restricted to areas considerably further north.
324. Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla
One was seen by a single observer at Sangachoeling and two more were seen at Khecheopari Lake.

Other Wildlife
Indian Flying Fox Pteropus giganteus
At least 500 were seen emerging from a roost at dusk on the main road a few kilometres from Chalsa.
Assamese Macaque Macaca assamensis
Recorded en-route between Bagdogra and Suntalekhola, in the Kalijhora area, on three occasions.
Rhesus Macaque Macaca mulatta
Seen at Samsing, Khecheopari Lake, once en-route in Sikkim and at Gorumara.
Golden Jackal Canis aureus
Recorded from Kalijhora and Pemayangtse with four at the latter site.
Hog Badger Arctonyx collaris
Three were seen by a single observer at Sangachoeling.
Indian Grey Mongoose Herpestes edwardsii
Two at Suntalekhola.
Leopard Panthera pardus
Three very young leopard cubs were being kept in a cage at Gorumara after apparently having been abandoned by their mother in a nearby tea plantation.
Wild Boar Bos gaurus
One from the Rhino Observation Point at Gorumara.
Spotted Deer Axis axis
A few were seen at Gorumara from the Rhino Observation Point.
Indian Muntjac (Barking Deer) Muntiacus muntjak
Seen or heard at Rabdentse, Pemayangtse, Maenam and in the Neora Valley.
Gaur Bos gaurus
A herd of 10 were seen from the Khunia watch tower at Gorumara and another five seen from the Rhino Observation Point there.
Hoary-bellied Himalayan Squirrel Callosciurus pygerythrus
Ones or twos seen at Sangachoeling, Pemayangtse, Khecheopari Lake, Rumtek, Rashet and Lava.
Himalayan Striped Squirrel Callosciurus macclellandi
Singles recorded from Sangachoeling, Maenam and the Tiffindara trail at Lava.
Orange-bellied Himalayan Squirrel Dremomys lokriah
One seen at Tiger Hill and one at Khecheopari Lake.
Particoloured Flying Squirrel Hyloptes alboniger
One was seen by a single observer at Rashet.

Field Guides and Reference Material
[1] Birds of the Indian Subcontinent; Richard Grimmett, Carol Inskipp & Tim Inskipp; Christopher Helm; 1998. The main, very useful, reference guide although not without some inaccuracies .
[2] A Field Guide to the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent; Krys Kazmierczak & Ber van Perlo; Pica Press; 2000; Generally not such good plates, but good supplementary information, description of bird sounds, and better distribution maps.
[3] A Photographic Guide to the Birds of India and the Indian Subcontinent, Bikram Grewal, Bill Harvey & Otto Pfister; Periplus; 2002; useful complimentary information to the other field guides, and two of the authors were trip participants!
[4] Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan, Sálim Ali & S Dillon Ripley, Oxford University Press; 1983. Invaluable reference material with detail unmatched by more recent guides.
[5] Birds of Sikkim; Sálim Ali
[6] Birds of Eastern Himalayas; Sálim Ali

Site Guides
[7] A Birdwatchers' Guide to India; Krys Kazmierczak & Raj Singh; Birdwatchers' Guides, Prion; 1998. Very good detailed site information for all sites except Gorumara National Park and Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary.
Trip Reports
Birding Trip to North Bengal, India; November 2002; Mike Prince; Our visit to the Lava, Neora Valley, Gorumara and Chapramari areas, plus the Sandakphu trek, one year previous.

© Mike Prince
December 2003


Compiled and created by Sumit K Sen I All rights reserved I Copyright © 2001 - 2017.
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